Degenerative Disease Essay

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During our everyday lives, we do a lot of things such as learning new information at school, write notes, walk our dogs at the park and communicate with other people around us. The one responsible for all of these actions that we do is the nervous system in our body. Our nervous system, which consists of the brain, spinal cord and the nerves, serves as the command center of our body. A person will be in a lot of trouble if something goes wrong to their nervous system. It can affect the way a person moves, speak, breath and even learn. Neurological diseases is the term used to describe an illness that involves the nervous system. There are “more than 600 neurological diseases” (Jankovic et al., pg.186) however, on this paper, we are only going to focus on a certain type of degenerative diseases which is the Corticobasal Degeneration. Degenerative diseases affect a lot of a person’s body activity such as talking, heart function, balance and breathing. (biblio)Even though most of degenerative diseases are genetic, sometimes the cause comes from medical conditions such as “alcoholism, a tumor, or a stroke” (biblio) and “toxins, chemicals, and viruses.” Occasionally, the cause is not known. Degenerative diseases, depending on the type, can be life-threatening. Treatments may help improve symptoms, increase mobility and relieve pain but most of them have no cure. Corticobasal degeneration or sometimes also known as Cortical basal ganglionic degeneration (CBD) is a rare, degenerative condition that is characterized by “nerve cell loss and atrophy (shrinkage) of multiple areas of the brain” including the fronto-temporal region of the cerebral cortex and the basal ganglia. (Biblio) The initial description of Corticob... ... middle of paper ... ... rare disease in United States since the prevelence and incidence of the disease is unknown. In United States, the prevalence of this disease is of 200,00 or less. Even though the age reported for Corticobasal Degeneration is late adulthood, 40 years old is the youngest clinically diagnosed cased reported and 45 years old for the pathologically diagnosed case. Since there is nothing known about the etiology of Corticobasal degeneration, there are also no known risk factors for the patients aside from onset at older ages. There is also no clear gender and ethnic preponderance for CBD. When a person is diagnosed with CBD, it is important to remember to maintain a healthy lifestyle. As for the families of CBD patients, it is important to think about long-term management issues and especially, help with the emotional challenges that the patient will have. (Moretti pg.3)
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