Why the British Troops Were Sent into Northern Ireland in 1969 In 1969 British Troops were sent into Ireland because Irish police could no longer cope with the violence between the Unionist Protestant population and the Catholic Nationist population. The events that meant it was necessary for British troops to be sent in stretch back a long way. This essay presents the main long term and short term explanations as to why troops were needed. The tensions between Catholic and Protestant citizens had been mounting for many years. During the sixteenth century there was a lot of rivalry between the Catholic Church and Protestants and when King Henry VIII broke away from the Pope and became Protestant, Ireland remained strongly Catholic.
British- Irish relations over the past three hundred years have been troubled. There have been many tensions caused by religion in Northern Ireland and Britain's unfair rule of Northern Ireland. The British are guilty of many of the indignities suffered by the Irish people. They are also guilty of causing all of the religious and territorial conflicts between Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland. The division between Northern and Southern Ireland dates back to the 16th century.
This was a long term consequence. The Irish were very angry at the execution of James Connelly and rebelled at the British. Because of this, another long term consequence was created. The British then had less trust in the Irish. Because of the lack of trust between the Irish and the British, the Irish possibly had less chance of persuading the British to release Ireland and allow Nationalists to work with the British.
Ireland, fed up with the Britain’s appalling leadership, asked for division from the United Kingdom. An obvious disagreement stirred up tension which led to multiple rebellions like Easter Rising. Continuous struggles for freedom built passion and nationalism for the Irish people. With all the past turmoil building up, Ireland commenced a war for their freedom. Although an often forgotten war, The Irish War of Independence resulted in rebellions, bloodbaths, and a major split in a nation.
By giving Ireland home rule they were allowed control over their religion, education, health, employment policies etc … In 1914 the British agreed to home rule. The Ulster Unionists (protestants) didn’t want home rule as they viewed themselves as separate to the Irish nation and thought th... ... middle of paper ... ...lice had gone on the rampage, and in April when the Bogsiders had barricaded themselves to stop another police invasion. Even though it may not seem to be, the Catholics feared violence from the police. The police also feared violence as they thought the Catholics would attack the Protestants ghettos of the city. For the first time to try and control the situation, the police fired CS gas into the Bogside, the gas had been used on several other occasions, but this was the first time it had been used in the UK.
After Cromwell’s death the troubles in Ireland continued when a new King James II was appointed. James II was a Catholic and wanted to ... ... middle of paper ... ... the violence. However, in my opinion the main factor which lead to the British army being sent to Northern Ireland in 1969 were the government policies such as gerrymandering which caused the Catholic community to be given poor housing and jobs, which in turn caused them to protest about the treatment they were receiving from local councils which would end up in violence which was mostly started by the Protestants and then this violence would be dealt with by a biased police force who could not keep the peace and would just end up contributing to the violence by taking the side of the Protestants. So in conclusion it is my opinion that the government policies in Northern Ireland after 1922 and the partition of Ireland is a long-term problem that resulted in the deployment of troops by the British government in 1969.
However, all of the aims of these 'Agreements' were not accomplished, all due to many factors. One of the causes which sparked off the need for peace intiatives, marches and protests, came back to haunt the initiatives later on. Unionists refused some of the terms of the Sunningdale Power Sharing Executive as it gave Catholics an equal say in the running of Northern Ireland. They felt threatened, as they didn't want to risk the north re-joining with the south because of Nationalist supremacy. Therefore they held massive strikes across Ulster and practically brought the country to a standstill; with economic paralysis the country couldn't function.
To understand why the four events took place and why it is so hard for any headway to be made in the Irish Problem it is necessary to look back at the history of both communities. In 1885 the UUP was formed in order to oppose Home Rule, and in 1912 Carson opposed Home Rule and the UVF was formed these events show that people were against Ireland cutting links with Britain and that there were some extremists at the time. During WWI, whilst Protestants were giving their lives to defend Britain, the Catholics started an uprising, which lead into a guerrilla war, with the British Army, this unpatriotic action was hated by the Protestant community, this stab-in-the-back style was repeated in the Enniskillen bomb on Rememberance Sunday, both of these events make the Protestants feel distrust and anger towards the Catholics which still persists today. In order to combat the Catholic Para Military groups the DUP was
Northern Ireland has been plagued by bloody and virtually ceaseless violence for the better part of the last hundred years. The conflict in Northern Ireland is a combination of religious strife between Catholics and Protestants, nationalism versus colonialism and a search for a true Irish identity that has been elusive since the colonization of Ireland in 1603. Republicans in Ireland seek a unified Ireland, one that is free from the imperialistic hands of the British crown. In hopes of achieving this goal, the Irish Republican Army has waged a violent and bloody campaign against both Protestant unionists in the North and the English themselves. From 1920 until 1998 the IRA methods of terror instilled fear in the people of Northern Ireland while the division within its population grew deeper.
These rebellions had little support for the ordinary Irish people and it had a bad effect on the Irish parliament whom had to sit later in the Bri... ... middle of paper ... ...of the biggest factors which separate the two communities. Religion is one of several reasons why the two groups see themselves as being different from each other and are suspicious of each other. King Henry broke with Rome in 1530s when the Pope had refused to grant him a divorce from his first wife, hence he declared him self to be ‘Supreme Head’ on Earth of the whole Church of Ireland. He also took charge of the Church in England and Ireland. Since then, more Protestant ideas were introduced and the Catholic service of the Mass was banned in Ireland.