There is discernment against the African Americans towards different privileges which are essential to their lives. This discrimination is political as leaders steer operations that are aimed at racially discriminating people from particular groups of race. There are more black Americans who are under correctional control, on parole or probation and in jail or in prison than they were enslaved in the 19th century. Now there ... ... middle of paper ... ...misinterpreted the whole problem of mass incarceration by repackaging and augmenting the existing social justice. The critiques have argued that Alexander created a strained similarity to the unique Jim Crow laws, employed a counter revolutionary conceptual framework and marginalized brown and black voices in favor of less radical and more mainstream perceptions.
During slavery being black meant to be a slave. During Jim Crow meant to be a second class citizen. And mass incarceration defines black people, especially men, as criminals. We can conclude with her analyses that the criminal justice in America is biased an even though I don’t agree with the suggestion Alexander has heard from other people that mass incarceration is a “conspiracy to put blacks back in their place” (p.5). It is clear that the justice system in the US is not completely fair, and that collective action must arise to struggle it.
Opponents to mass incarceration like Michelle Alexander have called it the “New Jim Crow”, a social institution aimed at limiting the rights of African Americans. Upon their release criminals are legally denied the right to vote, excluded from juries, and placed in a position of subordination. Others would suggest that, “cultural shifts, political realignments, changes in job prospects for low-skilled men, and perhaps most importantly, legal changes” have led to the severe increase and absolute disparity in the rates of black imprisonment over the late 20th and early 21st centuries. One thing is certain, mass incarceration would be justifiable if crime decreased but that is just not the case. Evidence has shown that the benefits of mass imprisonment in reducing crime have diminished over time and incarceration is now a much less effective method for crime control than it was before the 1990s.
The United States have created policies in which it targets minority groups, but especially African Americans. Throughout the history of our nation, our government has an inferior complex of blacks in fear of rebellion from the lower to middle social classes. History tells us that people are willing to unite for a cause regardless of racial differences. Mass incarceration is a product of the Jim Crow Laws that plagued this nation after the civil war. The effects of being labeled a convicted felon is similar to the era before the civil rights laws were passed.
Instead of being racist, America uses its criminal justice system to label people of color "criminals.” While some races use drugs at similar rates, there is still a disparity in jails: they are mostly filled with people of color. The New Jim Crow makes it possible that the African Americans labeled as criminals lose basic rights, and consequentially, the whites maintain superiority over the blacks. Outside of prison, free prisone... ... middle of paper ... ...under the weight of logical fallacies and lack of research. In conclusion, Michelle Alexander depicts the grim reality for many young African American men in the era of mass incarceration and exposes the truth of racial injustice in the system of mass incarceration. She reveals how race plays an important role in the American Justice System and mass incarceration.
Support This source provides a history of prisons by going back to when they started to become popular after the civil war. It exposes that their roots are in bigotry and controlling others because of the color of their skin. It then explains how sending people to prison benefits those involved in sending and keeping them there and the effects it has on those who get passed around. Links This source makes me think about how much racism is involved in the amount of people in prison. This source was attempting to explain how the racist history of our country plays a role in the amount of minorities being incarcerated today.
In Mass Incarceration, considered to be the new Jim Crow laws, there are multiple laws and institutions that practice racial profiling, biased sentencing, political disenfranchisement and legalized employment discrimination, all used to capture and trap African Americans in a continuous cycle. This new system is used to restrict the freedoms of African Americans without infringing on their civil rights. Conservative whites argued that poverty and crime was caused by culture, especially black culture. Although these laws, mainly the War on Drugs, are not racially based, they actually targeting blacks
At the same time, the criminal justice system has encouraged and persisted in racial and discriminatory actions continuing the emancipation of blacks from society. Consequently, African American families are harmed in countless ways, form psychological to material suffering experienced by the entire family. The impact of incarceration on African-American men also results in awful consequences that limit their ability to become employed, to get an education, and even to participate in the political process. History of Societal Discrimination Befo... ... middle of paper ... ...ishers (p.87-216) Iguchi, M.Y., Bell, J., Ramchand, R.N., and Fain, T. (2005), How the criminal system racial disparities may translate into health disparities. Journal of Health Care (2005) 48-56 Minton, Todd (2012).
Many Americans pretend that the days of racism are far behind; however it is clear that institutional racism still exists in this country. One way of viewing this institutional racism is looking at our nation’s prison system and how the incarceration rates are skewed towards African American men. The reasons for the incarceration rate disparity are argued and different between races, but history points out and starts to show the reason of why the disparity began. Families and children of the incarcerated are adversely affected due to the discrimination as well as the discrimination against African American students and their likelihood of going to prison compared to the white student. African American women are also affected by the discrimination in the incarceration rate.
Disguised Discrimination In Michelle Alexander’s speech on her book The New Jim Crow, she vividly describes the past forms of blatant oppression of minority groups, especially Latino, and even more so, African American men. Such political systems such as slavery and Jim Crow Laws, were discussed as government intended repression of African Americans. The War on Drugs is then blamed for unfairly targeting minorities, which results in staggering rates of Black and Hispanic arrests. She later relates the past direct forms of discrimination to today’s indirect forms, and informs her audience on how our present political system has a very similar effect to the Jim Crow laws. I feel she effectively and convincingly states her argument using clear and concise language.