There is a series of tests, if result positively, can mean that the person is clinically deceased. First, there is a look at medical history to find prior brain dysfunctions. The cause of the possible brain death is then looked at to determine if it is possible to be reversed. If there is no evidence of medications being the cause of the brain death, there is a complete neurological exam taken. This exam includes: checking to see if there is a response to stimuli, not including spinal reflexes, pupils are absent and have no response to light, there are no facial or eye movements, no gag ... ... middle of paper ... ...ing the person in their family.
Neurological death or the state of being “brain dead” is the go-ahead for physicians to begin harvesting organs for transplantation. 2 Neurological death can be diagnosed when there is no spontaneous respiration in the body and the brainstem is no longer functioning. Following the death of the brain, the cardiovascular sy... ... middle of paper ... ...on of death. Current definitions of life and death have been categorized into two different cases: neurological and cardiorespiratory. Each category has a definite list of qualifications in order for death to be determined.
Back before the 1950’s, medical practitioners followed the cardiopulmonary standard when it came to determining death. This standard is the idea that death is an irreversible loss of respiratory and circulatory functions. Then artificial respiration was introduced in the 1950’s which changed the cardiopulmonary standard to the one that is commonly accepted today, the brain death standard. Brain death is the thought that a person is dead once he/she has no ability to perform life-sustaining functions. However, today many are trying to push the neocortical death standard, which states that a person is dead once they lose higher brain functioning (i.e.