Using brain death as criteria in determining that a person has died became the standard in 1968 (Machado). Yet, this criterion was the result of decades of research and clinical observation of patients who had suffered cardiac arrest and/or severe head trauma (Machado). Another myth is that some people believe that death... ... middle of paper ... ...resuscitation to long-term outcome.” Annals of Intensive Care. 1.45 (2011). Web.
Before a person could be pronounced dead, all three of these had to cease functioning. It is not surprising that with no other proof, the heart was considered the organ that determined life because "it was clear that, when the respiration and heart stopped, the brain would die in a few minutes" (Ad Hoc 1968). We now know however, that it is the brain that controls the function of these other closed systems. Without the brain, the heart and lungs can continue their normal function, and this can be the case "even when there is not the remotest possibility of an individual recovering consciousness" (Ad Hoc. 1968).
A website sponsored by many transplant foundations states that brain dead individuals undergo “complete and irreversible loss of all brain functions and are clinically and legally dead” (“Understanding Death” 1). Brain death is sometimes verified based on lack of blood flow to the brain. When pressure becomes too high for blood flow, brain tissue swells in the case of the brain dead. This can be tested via radioisotope studies, by use of radioactive substances to secrete radiation through body (National Health and Medical...
Moreover, in a five-year study conducted by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI), 142 of 10,701 obstructive sleep apnea sufferers died of sudden cardiac death (Mayo Clinic, p.1). Given such sobering statistics, it is clear sleep apnea is nothing to sweep under the bed. Sleep apnea causes more than fatigue. There is a direct relationship between OSA and myriad serious medical problems. In recent years, media, from newspaper articles to television advertisements, have brought apnea to the fore, uncovering the fallacious notion that temporary breathing cessation is a benign concomitant to... ... middle of paper ... ...of determining the cause of and treating OSA, it would save myriad people the extensive costs of sleeplessness and illness and the medical costs of serious medical treatment if they would let others police the state of their sleep.
When we are dead we are not afraid, for it is a state of unconsciousness and the end to any and all sensation, therefore there is neither pleasure nor pain. He explains that we fear death because we incorrectly assume that there is awareness during death. Epicurus logically explains, “Since when we exist, death is not yet present, and when death is present, then we do not exist” (29). When addressing a sen... ... middle of paper ... ...dressed when mentioning the nature of death. If sacrificing one’s own morals and inherent nature is Epicurus’ and Epictetus’ route to achieving ataraxia it is not worth it, nor is it possible.
He remained healthy for seven more months until another news report declared 'Nationwide AMA Tests Show Krebiozen to Be Worthless as a Cancer Treatment.' The man died within two days (4). One can see that the connection between the nervous system and the immune system is quite important, especially in the way that attitudes and emotions are processed by and can at the same time affect physiological or biochemical change.
Organ donation is the removal of the tissues of the human body from a living person or the person who has recently died, for the purpose of transplanting. Live donors usually donate to those people that they know and with which they are close. But they can only donate a certain organs, like a lung, half of the liver, kidney or a bone marrow. Deceased donors can donate all their organs. You would think that if anyone has an opportunity to save someone else’s life that they would take it, but that is not always the case.
If somebody is badly injured and losses the ability to think and feel forever and there is no chance of recovering they can still be kept alive for a long time. If a new born baby is born with abnormality's it can be artificially kept alive. Euthanasia is not just about killing people, there is more to it than that. Its deciding when enough is enough and sometimes it can be kinder to let people go than letting them carry on being in pain. The quality of life of the patient is one of the main issues with euthanasia.
The Harvard Criteria is defined as followed; if a person is unreceptive and unresponsive, there is no movement and no spontaneous respiration or other spontaneous muscular movement, no reflexes, a flat EEG, and lastly no circulation to or within the brain. Kastenbaum explains that there is different type of conditions that might make a patient nonresponsive. Which “several of these conditions could be mistaken for brain death by uninformed observers (Kastanbuam, 45). Some of the conditions that Kastenbaum talks about are akinetic mutism, catatonia, coma, or the locked-in sydrome. He explains that these conditions are different and that one similarity they all have in common is an “impression of terminal no responsiveness.
Euthanasia is not mercy killing. It has absolutely nothing to do with killing. On the contrary, euthanasia by definition simply means "good death" and in the applied sense it refers to "the patients own natural death without prolonging their dying process unduly." What this attempts to accomplish is to allow a person to die with peace and dignity. In most cases life-support systems simply prolong the terminal suffering of a patient by a few more weeks or months, they do nothing to return a patient to a normal functioning human being.