Let’s begin with the basics of crime and how law enforcements officials try to keep it off of our streets here in the homeland. Crime is defined as a wrongful act according to the laws set by societies standards (Osterburg & Ward, 2014) There are two distinctive traits that validate the judicial systems view of crime. The first element is Actus Reus which, is defined as wrongful action. (Osterburg & Ward, 2014) This means that there has to be some type of illegal action for the crime to be committed, and considered a crime. Some one cannot be arrested for just mentally thinking unlawful thoughts.
Retrieved April 13, 2014, from http://www.attorneygeneral.gov/uploadedFiles/Crime/environmental.pdf EVIDENCE IN ENVIRONMENTAL CASES. (n.d.). unep. Retrieved April 13, 2014, from http://www.unep.org/delc/Portals/119/08_EVIDENCE%20IN%20ENVIRONMENTAL%20CASES.pdf Michigan Environmental Crimes Handbook. (n.d.).
Texas Bar Journal, 75(10), 779-781. Retrieved February 17, 2014, from http://www.texasbar.com/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Texas_Bar_Journal&Template=/C M Texas Constitution and Statutes - Home. (n.d.). Texas Constitution and Statutes - Home. Retrieved February 17, 2014, from http://www.statutes.legis.state.tx.us/?link=PE Texas | Polaris Project | Combating Human Trafficking and Modern-day Slavery.
Deterrence theories rely on criminal prosecutions to prevent corporate crime after the crime has already been committed (ex-post), where as compliance theories focus regulatory agencies that encourage compliance with the law before the crime takes place (ex-ante). 3.1 Deterrence Theory Deterrence theory argues that individuals act in accordance with their self-interest and obey the law because they fear the penalties of criminal behavior. More often than not, they choose not to commit crimes because they have seen harsh punishments imposed on others. Current research on deterrence emphasizes the role of the criminal justice system enforcing and punishing offenders. The fear of detection, conviction, and punishment resulting from prosecution forms the core of deterrence theory.
It is the environment in which these people live in that release the potential form criminal behavior and make it a reality. There are many environmental factors that lead to a person committing a crime ranging from haw they were raised, what kind of role models they followed, to having a suitable victims almost asking to be victimized. The best way to solve criminal behavior is to find the source of the problem but this is a very complex issue and the cause of a act of crime cannot be put on one source.
If it is a more serious case, they send the papers to the Crown Prosecution Service for them to decide on the prosecution. Once sent to the Crown Prosecution Service it is ... ... middle of paper ... ...nline] [Last accessed 6th March 2014] http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2011/jun/20/ian- tomlinson-death-officer-trial Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime 2014. (2014). 'The Metropolitan Police how it all began'. Available: http://content.met.police.uk/Article/The-Metropolitan-Police- how-it-all-began/1400015336362/1400015336362.
Retrieved March 29, 2014, from https://www.ncjrs.gov/html/ojjdp/9912_2/juv2.html Weiss, L. (1984). Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology: Fourteenth amendment. Chicago, IL: Northwestern School of Law
After reading this paper the reader should have a better understanding on how the Criminal Justice System works and why it is needed help promote a safe environment for our society. In order to understand what crime is we must first look at the definition of what criminal activity is. The term crime comes from a classification of wrongdoing that were established by state or Congress as a felony or misdemeanor, which is committed against a public law. Crime is defined as all deviance involving violating norms, but some norms attract the attention of the authorities. Acts that have been declared illegal by some authority are called crime (Curry, Jiobu, & Schwirian, 1999).
In my essay I will first talk about crime and what it means, I will then talk about what different methods criminologists use to collect crime such as crime surveys and self report studies and there positive and negative sides. I will then go on to talk about victimless crimes. The definition of crime is something that is punishable by the criminal justice system, and is “An act punishable by law, as being forbidden by statute or injurious to the public welfare… an evil or injurious act, an offence, a sin.” (Robert.R 2002) The Dark figure of crime is the amount of crime which is unreported or unknown The total amount of crime in a community consists of crimes which are known or recorded and the dark figure of crime. Criminologists have used differing methods (like victimization surveys) to try to decrease the amount of unknown or unrecorded crime. In many cases, a crime will either be unrecorded or unreported.
(n.d.). CriminalDefenseLawyer.com. Retrieved May 18, 2014, from http://www.criminaldefenselawyer.com/resources/criminal-defense/felonly-offense/colorado-felony-class.htm Pollock, J.M. (2012). Ethical Dilemmas and Decisions in Criminal Justice (7th Ed.).