Defects Of Society In Lord Of The Flies By William Golding

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In the novel of Lord of the Flies, William Golding refers to specific events, objects and characters as symbols used to argue that the defects of society traces back to the defects in human nature. He does this through a group of young boys stranded on a deserted island and the deterioration of their civilisation into savagery.

Firstly, the island is like the Garden of Eden, like paradise, however, within few days it becomes a microcosm of the real world. The plane crashes onto the island leaving a ‘scar’ behind. From this event, we see the island as Earth and the plane as human activities invading Earth. It signifies how humans drop bombs, pollute and destruct nature with our likings and our needs. All these ‘scars’ left behind in nature, ‘scars’ and shadows left behind in society - deaths, abuse and hatred - originates to
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Later on, he orders his hunters to ‘paint’ their faces. They were ‘brown and filthy dirty’. In the view of the painted faces and long hair, it is a thin mask and behind it, is the savagery and evil of these boys as slaughter pigs for meat. Jack’s ‘bloodthirsty’ desire for meat has gained him followers as he, compared to Ralph, can provide the boys with meat. Consequently, this event symbolises how people become brain washed by their desires which leads to evil and savagery and defects of the society such as war and hatred.

Simon, a pure, benevolent and spiritual believer, often battles to get along with the boys henceforth he goes off on missions to get himself away from the savagery of the boys. Likewise, spiritual believers are outcasts in society and they too, battle to fit in with society. Simon understands through the Lord of the Flies that the beast exists within the boys and not externally. This produces to an outcome of Simon being killed by the boys with bare hands therefore symbolises how often, society kills these outcasts physically and
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