Deer Population

Good Essays
White tailed deer populations continue to rise. The lack of land is causing unhealthy living environment for the white tailed deer. Deer overpopulation needs to be controlled. The three main types of deer control are hunting, predator control, and non-aggressive control methods.
The most popular form of deer control is hunting. Hunting is a helpful management tool for keeping deer from becoming overpopulated. When European settlers arrived, the deer were hunted for meat and hide without thinking of management. After 100 years, deer were threatened with extinction in N.C. Today deer populations are 1.25 million in NC. Hunting can help regulate this population if done correctly. (Hartiganand Osbourne). Hunting helps the deer population by decreasing the likelihood of overpopulation. Without hunting, deer would overpopulate an area and they would be forced to go elsewhere for food. This could lead to them wondering into cities and highways causing car accidents. Without some type of deer control, they multiply. Since deer have lost some land areas due to cities growing, they do not have enough food and start to slowly starve. Thus hunting is a good choice for deer management.
Coyotes and bears are a common sight in the woods. These animals, along with others, are predators that help to control deer population but also decrease the amount of land allowed to the deer. In Western NC, deer rates have fallen and bag limits have been reduced. In Pennsylvania, biologists have conducted a lengthy study to determine fawn mortality and predation. Predators killed 46% of fawns, (Hart). A study about coyotes in Ohio found that even though they kill numerous fawns, the population of deer continues to grow, (Hart). It would be critical to maintain...

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... of helping deer control. Non-aggressive methods are the newest forms of deer control including electronic fencing, scaring tactics, and birth control. In the end, deer control is a rising issue that needs to be addressed for the healthy livelihood of deer and their environment. These methods would lead to more land for deer by decreasing the population.

Works Cited

Brown, Ben. “A First: Bald Head Permitted For Deer Birth Control.”,2013.9-26-2013.
Gegner, Lance. “Deer Control Options.”
Hart, David. “Does Predator Control Help Your Deer Population?”
Hartigan, Chrisand Osbourne, Scott. “White-Tailed Deer.”,2009.9-25-2013.
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