Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico

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There are a few things that are needed in order for man to survive, food, water, shelter, and an energy source. In the beginning fire was that energy source used to keep humans warm and to cook their food. These days energy is in other forms such as nuclear, wind, solar, and of course, petroleum (oil) and are all needed for survival. Oil was, at one time, plentiful and considered more of a nuisance for those who were drilling wells for water in the US because it would seep into the wells. Early uses for the oil were for machinery lubrication and burning in lamps. It wasn’t until the invention of the internal combustion engine, which made life and manufacturing so much simpler, that oil became of more interest. In the late 1800s John D. Rockefeller started one of the first oil company called Standard Oil Company. “Oil became a big export in the 1880s and 1890s: by 1891, the Rockefeller family’s Standard Oil Company accounted for 90 percent of American exports of kerosene and controlled 70 percent of the world market. Oil was now second to cotton as the leading product sent overseas” (Zinn 103). Over time it was thought that oil resources were running low and companies began to look for other places to drill for crude. Petroleum corporations drilling in America were exploring new possibilities with the potential for great supplies after the Second World War. Exploration went on for almost 5 decades and most of the land that was deemed prime had been reserved by the mid-1940s. Speculations lead many companies to believe that the tracts of land that contained oil might also go out into the shore under the Gulf of Mexico. If this were true, the oil could be harvested away from the shoreline where the leases were abundant and cheap. Ri... ... middle of paper ... ...Spill Trustee Council. Feb. 1990. Web. 27 June 2010. Mcauliff, Michael, and Kenneth R. Bazinet. "President Obama Opens Offshore Oil Drilling and Exploration - with Sarah Palin's Approval." NY Daily News. 31 Mar. 2010. Web. 04 July 2010. Roach, John. "Alaska Oil Spill Fuels Concerns Over Arctic Wildlife, Future Drilling." National Geographic News. 20 Mar. 2006. Web. 3 July 2010. Schempf, F. Jay. "Special Anniversary - The History of Offshore: Developing the E&P Infrastructure." Offshore Magazine: Oil and Gas News Covering Oil Exploration, Offshore Drilling, Drilling Rigs, Oil Industry Production & More. 01 Jan. 2004. Web. 05 July 2010. Schorn, Daniel. "The Explosion At Texas City - 60 Minutes - CBS News." CBS News. 29 Oct. 2006. Web. 27 June 2010. Zinn, Howard. A People's History of the United States: 1492-present. New York: HarperCollins, 2003. 103. Print.
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