English adjectives vary for degree; verbs for tense; pronouns for case etc. Traditional grammarians divide the words of English into eight classes or parts of speech- noun, pronoun, adjective, verb, preposition, conjunction, adverb and interjection. The words of a particular class can have two or more forms in different grammatical circumstances because of the existence of a grammatical category. Grammatical categories are an essential part of traditional grammar especially of the classical languages. As English is modelled on the grammar of Latin, it follows the system of Latin.
Monosyllabic nouns receive total reduplication of the stem and the prefixes that make the base of nouns. Copying of the prefix depend entirely on the fact that most of monosyllabic nouns in Chasu cannot express full meaning without applying at least one prefix. The whole word is repeated, and sometimes, though related to the new word, the reduplicant may express the meaning that is different from the original word. There are cases where the prefix of the noun is reduplicated together with the stem. When it is used that way, it may be diminutive and just describe the object as something which has a certain quality but not the real thing.
In the regular sentence order of English, the subjects come before predicates and verbs come before objects. In English, there are variations in sentence order. Although these variations cause some confusion, a speaker of English can use them to highlight an important point in the sentence. For example, a speaker uses a cleft sentence as a way to focus on a special element on the sentence. A cleft sentence is a complex sentence in which a simple sentence is expressed using a main clause and a subordinate clause.
The genders assigned by English speakers for the remaining three words, “fork”, “weapon”, and “battle”, were shown to be largely opposite those of the other languages. “Fork” was most often described with masculine adjectives by English speakers, such as ‘pointy’, ‘pronged’, and ‘sharp’. However, “fork” is a feminine word in all other languages except for Spanish, in which it is masculine. “Battle” and
TC comyng, pouryng have nominal functions; but willenge, tkenge are clearly verbal-participial. In MnE Period the continuous (progressive) aspect was still unsettled, and even considered ‘ vulgar’ to SMnE prescriptive scholars. It came to be accepted as part of English grammar only during the 19th century, when more and more writers used it in their works. The process of conversion became an easy and dynamic process of creating new words, so by mere shifting of word-order, as well as by specific endings (-s , -ing, ed) , nouns and adjective may become verbs, and verbal forms may be substativized – this is the process where –ing suffix thrives. 1.1.2 The multiple uses of the ~ ing form
Grammar delineates the forms of language that are actually used by native speakers. In addition, grammar elucidates how the forms of language function in units we call sentences. Cognizance of grammar allows one to think about how language structures are used to get meaning across, leading to more effective communication in oral and written prose (Zellig). Traditional grammar focuses on morphemes, words, phrases, clauses and sentences but leaves out phonemes, paragraphs and whole texts. Advanced grammar includes the latter and allows one to develop a better understanding of grammar because of those three additional items.
They known as helping verbs and they come before the main verb in the verb phrase. 2. The verb phrase: Every sentence in English must have at least one verb – in other words, the predicate, or verb, in a sentence can consist of one word or a group of words. We call the words that accompany the main, or lexical, verb auxiliary, or helping, verbs. A verb phrase may be simple and consist of just a lexical verb, or complex and consist of one or more auxiliaries plus one main verb.
Will excluding new words and disvaluing them not to also have disregard for the future in some way? There is a need for “hashtag”, “selfie” and having the letter “E” in front of words like mail and book, because it concerns the daily life of many 2017 English communicators. Nevertheless, the majority is quite conservative regarding the words which get VIP-passes into the dictionaries – and this can be for better or for worse. There is little doubt that some words which are included in dictionaries are not necessary, and they disappear from conversations quickly, and other words are commonly used but are nowhere to be found in dictionaries. But who oversees dictionaries?
What are determiners? Cambridge Grammar of English offers the definition of determiners: “Determiners indicate the type of reference made by the noun phrase (e.g. definite, indefinite, possessive); they also indicate number or quantity (e.g. six, much, some). Determiners come in front position in noun phrases, before adjectives and noun modifiers.” (CGE p. 353) “Determiners are the words which are most frequently used in English language.”From the definition provided by CGE, we could conclude that determiners consist of words like articles, quantifiers, numerals, etc.
Theoretical survey Etymology ( ստուգաբանություն ) is one of the main branches of Lexicology. It helps us to study the history of words , their origin , how they have changed their meaning , spelling, pronunciation, which is their ancestral form , the assimilation of English vocabulary with others and so on. As every branch of linguistics etymology also has many methods which are used to study the word origin. The methods are : philological research, dialectological data, comparative method, sementic change. Philological research is a method which help to underdtand changes of word form and meaning whit the help of older texts.