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Decentralization Of Energy Essay

opinionated Essay
641 words
641 words
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Decentralization of energy system is process of dispersing energy or redistributing energy from central location. [1] Currently, in the world large centralized facilities provide final form of energy from primary energy sources, such as oil refineries and power plants. These plants distribute energy over long distances which effect the overall efficiency. Depending upon different factors like health, environmental and economic etc. energy production systems are built away from the cities or near to the cities. Decentralized energy system not only fulfill rural needs but also able to provide centralized energy production in urban areas. [2]
According to DTI (Descon Technical Institute) decentralized energy can be defined by the technology used as electricity generated by hydro, wind, PV systems, biomass and combined heat and power generation which are renewable energy resources.[3] Proper efficient usage of renewable energy resources and fossil is to be achieved by decentralized system with combined electrical power and heat. [4]
Pakistan is facing energy crises due to increase in demand, a poor management and lack of investment in our energy resources. Our energy needs depends upon oil and gas. We have to import about 30% energy in the form of crude oil, coal, LPG etc. [5]
For decentralized energy distribution and production involves three main components, these are:
1) Energy storage
2) Transmission and distribution
3) Distributed generation
To shift Pakistan’s energy system into decentralized state we have to face the challenges and proper management for distribution of energy to the system. The main barriers for decentralized state are:
1) Upgrading of energy infrastructure
2) Excess production
3) Storage capacity of energy
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• Centralized power stations that are inefficient and more polluting environment with CO2 emission should be closed
• Fossil fuels that contains cogeneration should be allowed.
• At each district there should be main power station.
• Small renewable units should be installed at rural areas and big units near to the cities.
• As solar power is main component of decentralized energy so main solar systems should be installed at each small city.
• Solar streets and roads lights should be installed.
• Biomass units should be installed in rural areas.
• Hydro systems capacity to be increased by investing with other countries.

Benefits of decentralized system reduces overall demand by enhancing energy, Ingresses number of resources, reduces financial risks and creates job opportunities. It provides a clean and reliable energy and thus to increase the economic growth.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that to shift pakistan's energy system into a decentralized state, we have to face the challenges and proper management for distribution of energy to the system.
  • Opines that systems should be installed near the end usage for decentralized energy system, so that transmission losses can be reduced.
  • Argues that the government should introduce a tax free system in pakistan for businesses and householders that install decentralized energy technologies such as micro wind turbines and photo votic systems.
  • Explains that solar homes systems can be installed at home in easy installments. initial investment is high for this plan so partnership with companies provides an easy method to install it.
  • Proposes a network of biomass & gas cogeneration plants through pakistan with support from regional development societies or agencies.
  • Opines that centralized power stations that are inefficient and polluting environment should be closed.
  • Opines that small renewable units should be installed at rural areas and big units near to the cities.
  • Opines that solar power is the main component of decentralized energy, so solar systems should be installed at each small city.
  • Describes the benefits of decentralized system, which reduces overall demand by enhancing energy, ingresses number of resources, decreases financial risks, and creates job opportunities.
  • Explains that decentralization of energy system is process of dispersing or redistributing energy from central location. pakistan is facing energy crises due to increase in demand, a poor management and lack of investment in our energy resources.
  • Opines that a decentralized energy system requires more energy storage and more distributed generation.
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