The 1900’s Legislation and Social Policies were influenced by the theories of both Liberals and Labor Government. The roles of three main sectors in the 1900’s where the state, the market and the Non Government agencies were all critical contributors in the integration of Social Policy involving the homeless in Australia (Streeton & Orchard 1994). Streeton and Orchard go onto explain that social issues were pushed from one sector to another with no clear direction of what was to be done and whose responsibility was the homeless. One of the major changes that occur mid century, was the introduction of Supplementary Assistance better kno... ... middle of paper ... ...Homelessness. The next significant step in combating homelessness come in the form of the White Paper release entitles The Road Home ().
In 2001, offshore processing was implemented where asylum seekers could be transferred to offshore detention centres where they were required to remain i... ... middle of paper ... ... or knowledge (Cemlyn & Briskman, 2003). In more recent times social worker academics have joined together in order to have their collective voice heard in regards to asylum seeker policies. In 2002 social work academics called for the government to place a stop to mandatory detention through the placement of an advertisement in a national Australian newspaper (Cemlyn & Briskman, 2003). In the same year the International Federation of Social Workers created and sent a petition, which expressed their concern surrounding the negatively inhumane treatment of asylum seekers to the Australian Government (Briskman & Cemlyn, 2005). Other actions social workers have participated in, in order to show their support for asylum seekers and to influence change include participating in relevant demonstrations, collaboration with lawyers and activists, actively visiting the
They joined a fishing boat named KG4435, and then became the first group of boat people arrived in Darwin and later settled in Australia in late 1977 . In addition to, the Major of Darwin, Ella Stack, also worried about the coming of South East Asians may increase the spread of infectious germs and other tropical diseases in the country . She mentioned, although Australia will remain its intake quota for the Vietnamese refugees due to humanitarian and compassionate grounds, it should be a progress carried out in order to test for medical, criminal as well as political backgrounds against these refugees . This article illustrated a real story of a refugee family and Darwin law enforcement agencies’ arguments against the boat people. The Minster for Immigration and Ethic Affairs- Mr. McKellar emphasized the responsibilities for the Australian public of refugees’ identities; he also expressed the intolerance of any political motivation of these refugees.
The issue of youth gangs recurrently receives considerable attention in the media, with most of the public knowledge concerning these groups based on an image carefully constructed and presented to them by the media. However, when the issue of youth gangs is actually delved into by organisations such as the Standing Committee on Social Issues in the New South Wales Legislative Council, it can be seen that the image of a youth gang is infact different to the reality. Furthermore, the ‘moral panic’ created by the media can be linked to society’s recurring fear of immigrants and culturally diverse individuals.
There have been a lot of threats with people crossing over the Australian maritime borders with ships; for example with illegal imports and exports, robbery, human trafficking, illegal activity in protected areas and so on an so forth. There was an article on two unauthorized ships going into Australia that had people aboard. there was reportedly two ships that got past the maritime border the first ship went to Geraldton, W.A, and the second ship showed up near a Santos rig off Dampier. By June 30, 2012 there were about 60 900 people who were in Australia illegally, if they didn’t have their visas or they breach their visa conditions then they would get penalized. With the illegal immigration there brings forth illegal workers who may be subject to exploitation and organised criminal activity.
Today, there is racial tension all around the world. Racial tension means the feeling that exists when people do not trust and be aggressive to each other. In Malaysia, racial tension has deepened recently. The Indian government has released an advisory for its foreign students that studying in Australia which showed that racial tension appeared around the White and Indian (“MEA issues travel advisory to Indian students in Aus”, 2010). Racial tension between the Han and Uighur communities in Xinjiang, China was enhanced in July 2009.
In the contemporary society, illegal immigration has been on the increase in the last few decades, and this increase has caused a lot of concern not only for State governments and organization, but also Federal administration. With increased insecurity and the threat of terrorism in the current world, it has made the immigration issue be of great concern to many. The effects and impacts of illegal immigrants to the natives have also prompted those in authority to address the issue with a lot of concern and caution. This has raised a mixed view between and among those affected. As a result, legislators and lobby groups have come up with policies, rules and regulations that try to address and control the societal problem.
The changes stated above were required to not only protect abused children residing overseas, but to prove that the Australian Government is in touch with the community values within Australian cities. The amendments made to the law were needed because of the shameful amount of Australians indulging in sex practices with minors in countries other than Australia. Before the law was amended the general feeling among those involved in the process was that the Child Sex Tourism Act would have to carry severe penalties with it. The reason for such hefty penalties is that the law had the potential to be more of a deterrent to 'would be' offenders and to also reflect the desire of the Australian community. It was obvious ever since the Act was drafted that it would, by no means, be an easy law to enforce.
Both the tabloid and online version reach a wide range of audiences’. Study by Richardson and Stanyer (2011 p. 1000); found that readers’ are more likely to leave comments, on online articles’. By creating a direct dialogue and relationship with her audience, for example in her fourth paragraph, ‘those who are lobbying to change the Australian flag are disgraceful’ and ‘Our diggers died under our flag’, by referencing isolated individual opinions, le Marquand reference of online comments, decreases the validity of a “political” article. As a political writer, le Marquand must appeal to the triad of pathos, logos and ethos. Using a combination of these devices, she would successfully change the audience's opinion to remove the union jack from the Australian flag (Mshvenieradze, 2013, p. 1939).
The ever changing government policies surrounding the treatment, rights and legal standing of refugees, especially those who travel to Australia via boat will continue to raise concerns for individuals who work within a context of preserving and supporting human rights. While social workers in Australia appear to be struggling with finding their voice in this incredibly politicised area, they are the most ideally equipped individuals to challenge the existing mandatory detention methods. They will have the ability to develop alternate methods of dealing with mandatory detention while operating within a structure based on cultural principles and human rights and justice (Cemlyn & Briskman, 2003). Many issues arise with the constantly changing policies and resulting negative implications for asylum seekers ... ... middle of paper ... ...avian, 2000). Detainees often express previous feelings of hopelessness, isolation and uncertainty for the future and safety for themselves and their family when initially seeking asylum, feelings that are reinforced and increased with the detention environment (Newman, Dudley & Steel, 2008).