In Death of a Salesman, Arthur Miller describes Willy Loman as a tragic character who failed to succeed his dreams. Willy never becomes a part of the American Dream, because he is always following other people’s dreams but never his own. He chooses to become a salesman only because he is truly inspired by Ben and Dave Singleman’s successes. Willy Loman, a rather hard working man, might succeed his own American Dream in another career that he is capable of. The fantastic illusions that he himself creates due to the inspiration of others’ successes eventually lead to his failure as well as his sons’.
Critical Essay – Drama The idea that any person can rise from humble beginnings to greatness is the basis of the American Dream. Arthur Miller paints a harsh picture of this ideal in the drama Death of a Salesman. The main character, Willy Loman, is a complex and tragic figure. He is a man striving to hold onto what dignity he has left in a world that no longer values the beliefs he grew up with. While society can be blamed for much of Willy’s misfortune, he must also be blamed for his bad judgement, disloyalty and his foolish pride.
The central tragedy in Death of a Salesman is exemplified by the central character and father figure Willy Loman. His weakness of personality, self-destructive pride and disillusioned vision of reality is what ultimately causes him to not realize until the very end the truth about his life. All his hopes for the future and his wishes he had in the past have not been fulfilled. So he tries to build up a kind of dream world in which his sons are popular and successful business-men. But it is just an illusion he lives in.
Willy was younger and stronger and he believed he had a future full of success. When the script begins Willy is struggling to pay for his home, the city has seemed to grow and has smothered his house and tall apartment buildings "trap" Willy's house. The symbols in the play can show Willy's struggles and an example of this can be the rubber hose, which symbolizes Willy's stability as it shows that he has been attempting to commit suicide and we can see that Biff cares for his father greatly at the point in the play when he takes away the rubber hosing because he does not want to have the thought of always knowing that the hosing could have taken it away to avoid his fathers death. Another symbol in the play, Ben, is a lot like Charley and shows that success is not always going to bring happiness, as Ben himself is not a very nice man as this can be shown when he "play fights" with Biff and cheats by tripping him up, Charley does not have a very good relationship with his son as he does not spend quality time with Bernard like Willy does with Biff and Happy an example of this is when they go to the football game. Miller has create... ... middle of paper ... ...s offer to come with him to Alaska and become rich.
Willy Loman ruins the life of his son Biff by feeding him false stories and keeping the truth from him. He ruins Biff by cheating and deceiving him and Biff discovers the shocking truth he is mortified and quits on life. Biff’s life goes into pieces and he then sees the truth of his popularity at Willy’s funeral. Biff sees that he wasn't all that popular and successful and that his father was a deceptive liar. Willy Loman lived a life that destroyed
Although, his narcissism exhibits the common issue with American capitalism-it leads to greediness, unhappiness, and anger. This yearning for success can also cause an obsession with appearance and the self, which is a main focus in Willy Loman’s life. He says that to get somewhere, it is good to be “built like (an) Adonis,” which he tells his sons. At one point in his life, he felt he never had to ask for anything, and that when he walked in a room, he got what he wanted because “‘Willy Loman is here!’” Eventually, Willy ages and lacks the flair that he once had, and is left with unimpressive salesman skills. Due to America’s obsession with appearance, old-age is a plague to American society.
The wire recorder shows that Howard has reached this level of success that Willy longs for. Yet while the recorder symbolizes the wealth and power of Howard, it also represents Willy’s discouragement and failure. Willy is in Howard’s office fighting for his job, for his and his family’s security, and Howard is much more interested in the wire recorder than he is in Willy’s plight. He fires Willy, all the while playing with his new toy. While Willy is experiencing ultimate failure in the business world, the loss of his job, Howard is focusing on his own success, represented by the wire recorder.
With this mindset, Willy bestows himself and his family in to a trap . Willy never dares to percept anything but the misconception of the american dream that he has in mind, he lives in a fictitious life with no realistic end goal. On the other hand, through all the ups and downs; Biff realizes that his life has been a fantasy and that he has to pursue his real dream, the one that makes him happy. Ergo conscious or unconscious the brain is powerful, very powerful, It has the ability to change any individuals destiny. The benchmark that willy set as success: materialism, if he is well known or loved leads to him living a life of false impression and a tragic death.
The storyline is unpredictable due to the time switches, and flying from scene to scene will without a doubt give you a jetlag. Willy Loman, a character thought-provoking enough to hold his own separate review, shows throughout the play his completely skewed view on the American Dream and how to be a successful business man. In turn, Willy brainwashes his family (especially Biff and Happy, Willy’s sons) into the misguided image of the American Dream he established. Willy, clearly not an ideal father, lectures Biff and Happy in a pool of lies in how to be successful. Willy is not an ideal father in a sense that he can’t distinguish between what’s right and what’s wrong, not even for his sons.
The quintessential American ideal of the boundless dreams and "golden success' has trespassed all boundaries of reality and actuality. Througho... ... middle of paper ... ...t like Miller's father, both Biff and the author become part of a select group on the periphery recognizing that the selling of the "American Dream" is a sham. Arthur Miller in Death of a Salesman accuses American capitalism of selling a lie, a distorted picture of the American Dream, to everyday Americans like Willy. Miller's message portrays the downfall or the "hamartia" that's ingrained into the American dream, that permeated the lives of many including his own father. This fatal flaw manifests itself through the self-created and self-imposed tyranny of dreams and hopes we have for the future, that lead us to an abyss of disappointment and disapprobation at the end.