The Deep Horizon oil spill The Deep-water horizon oil spill is one of the largest oil spills in history. The spill occurred due to several factors including system failure and human error. The spill not only affected the wildlife and economy of the gulf but the entire United States as goods and service that were once available were no longer available. As a result of the oil spill Bp was forced to pay billions of dollars to restore the damages that they have caused. In addition, the oil and gas industry have changes there practices and are working with the government under new laws and regulation to prevent a future oil spill.
The Oil Spill The BP oil spill happened off the United States coast in the Gulf of Mexico and is considered the largest accidental marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry. After the oil rig Deepwater Horizon exploded and sunk it continued to leak oil for 87 days until it was capped, which resulted in an estimated 4.9 million barrels of oil leaking into the ocean. The Deep Water Horizon was a sem... ... middle of paper ... .... Retrieved 15 November 2013. Dermansky, Julie (20 April 2013). "Three Years After the BP Spill, Tar Balls and Oil Sheen Blight Gulf Coast".
Transocean and BP carried out investigations to determine the cause of the explosion. The chief executive of Transocean, Steve Newman, stated that the explosion had occurred due to a failure of the casing or/and the cement and added that without a failure of one of those elements, the explosion could not have occurred. Both investigated the type of cement used in the well, BP investigators concluding that the problem was the nitrogen-foamed cement that had been used, but instead of takin... ... middle of paper ... ...ing about $118,000 in costs. Works Cited Black, R. (2010, August 10). Gulf oil leak: Biggest ever, but how bad?.
Through all of the statements, British Petroleum still decided to corrupt evidence to make the spill seem less important. This, in return, covered up how the British Petroleum oil spill caused many problems for the gulf coast environments, including various illnesses and defects to the sea life in or near the affected area. On April 20, when the Deep Horizon exploded, eleven crew members were killed by the explosion of the rig off the coast of Louisiana. British Petroleum had hired Transocean Ltd. as the owner and operator of the rig. Their job was to drill beneath the Earth’s surface.
Offshore Riches-Onshore Problems On April 20, 2010, a misinterpretation of a pressure test and one miscalculation lead to the loss of eleven men and many creatures and forever harmed the Gulf of Mexico. Somewhere between 18 to 39 million barrels of oil go dumped into the Gulf of Mexico, making this one of the worst spills in history (Malcolm). A simple damaged wellhead was the cause of this great disaster, which affected the coastal areas of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida. The BP spill was a wakeup call for America, allowing them to realize the consequences of offshore drilling. (Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill).
It was caused when methane gas from the well shot all the way up and out of the drill column, expanded onto the platform then ignited and exploded. The explosion then led the rig to burn, with the resulting fire unable to be extinguished 2 days later it sinked leaving the well gushing causing the largest oil spill in history (as seen in Fig. A in attachments). Some estimates placed it in late May or early June 2010 as the largest oil spill in history. Flow Rate Technical Group estimated the flowing of barrels of crude oil per day at 35,000 to 60,000.
The Deepwater Horizon spill occurred on 20 April 2010 and was caused by an explosion on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig that killed 11 workers and injured 17 more. The drilling rig, located 66 kilometers southeast of the Louisiana coast, left an oil gusher that was finally capped on July 15, almost 2 months later. This was the largest accidental marine oil spill in history and the largest offshore environmental disaster in the United States (Telegraph, New York Times, BBC News). It is estimated by scientists that over 4.9 million barrels of oil were released into the ocean, about half of the crude oil the U.S. imports each day and worth $400 million (Popular Mechanics, CBC News). About 1070 kilometers of coastline were contaminated.
On this particular day, there was an explosion in the rig that caused a huge fire causing eleven workers to die and leaving 17 hurt (Walsh 2). The fire burned for 36 hours, until the rig fomally sank (BP Internal Investigation 3). Even from the beginning people’s lives were taken away, and not only did many people die but it made some depressed and caused other to have financial problems. Even though BP did not own the oil rig they were held accountable for what happened. The (Macondo oil well), was drilled less than a year ago, but was “owned by the drilling company Transocean and leased to the energy giant BP” (Walsh 1).
Most people believe that one man-made natural disaster would teach us to be better, but we have learned that history repeats itself. The Exxon Valdez oil spill (in 1989) and the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, or BP oil spill, (in 2010) were both devastating oil spills that shocked the nation. The Exxon Valdez oil spill occurred due to a tanker grounding. The BP oil spill was caused by an explosion on the Deepwater Horizon oil platform. These two oil spills were both disasters and had greater effects in certain categories.
One of the most disastrous spill was the one that occurred off the coast of Vancouver, Canada, where the ship crashed and Nestucca spilled 800,000 liters of oil and killed some 40,000 seabirds .Another maj... ... middle of paper ... ... oil and natural gas is acid rain, in this case not by the production of oxides of sulfur, as in the case of coal, but primarily for the production of nitrogen oxides. The damage from the production and transport are produced mainly by oil spills, accidental or not, and the work in the refineries. It is our responsibility as citizen of the world to act more conscious about the future of every living creature and our most precious resource called water. Reference Effects of oil on wildlife and habitat. (2010).http://www.restorethegulf.gov/library/assets/rtg_oil_effects_on_wildlife.pdf,1, 01-02.