Death Penalty – A Debate over Law and Morality

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Based on many history records, death penalty or capital punishment was established for the first time in Hammaurabi Law of Babylon people, under King Hammaurabi (1792 – 1750 B.C), according to the Death Penalty Information Center website (“Part I: History of the Death Penalty"). During more than 3,500 years of judicial history of humankind documented by old writings, we have practicing capital punishment for many crimes. The death penalty has been practiced in America for more than 4 centuries and has been a controversial issue for many years. Over time, many states reserved the death penalty solely for murder; although some states abolished the death penalty, there are 32 states that still maintain this contentious punishment. People who are going for or against the abolition of death penalty are making their arguments based on both statistical evidence and their personal perspectives on death penalty cases. Also, to answer the question whether the death penalty should be abolished or not, we need to take into account the moral and legal aspects of the capital punishment. From those points, we will have a full insight of the issue. Opponents of death penalty believe that the death penalty is no longer appropriate in modern society, and the reasons why they want a ban on death penalty are that it violates human rights, brings the risks of unfairness, and takes a lot of money from taxpayers. Firstly, the retention of capital punishment in the United States draws harsh criticism from throughout the world. People all know about The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations in 1948 and protected in national and international law. In this Declaration, Article 5 says “No one shall be subjected to torture or to... ... middle of paper ... ...y and dangerous, we will pay a big price for it. I personally support the death penalty and I think the government should retain capital punishment as a last resort for unforgiven evil acts that need to be eliminated from society. From what I have observed, the controversy on the death penalty seems to be continued in upcoming years until one of the sides – either supporters or opponents - gets the win at the end. The ball is now in the court of the Legislature and the Executive. Legislatures, federal and state, can impose or abolish the death penalty, Mr. President can commute a death sentence, and even the Supreme Court can change its mind during a sensitive period as it did in the case Furman v. Georgia (1972) and Gregg v. Georgia (1976). We will reach the final resolution of this issue once we find out the answers for moral as well as legal questions someday.

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