This furthermore leads to the downfall of Willy and his family, proving that Willy Loman is a tragic hero. To conclude, “Death of a Salesman” by Arthur Miller satisfies the criteria for a tragic play because Willy’s pride is a tragic flaw that leads to his downfall. Ultimately, Willy gains enlightenment of his false perception of life and realizes how he inhibits the success of his family. This epiphany leads him to sacrifice himself for the well-being of his family. During his lifetime, Willy’s pride caused him to have an overinflated ego, a bizarre idealistic view on life, and a false value system.
Holding onto false dreams can lead an individual to live in an illusory world, where their perception of reality is greatly hindered. In fact, these false dreams can also hurt and negatively influence the beliefs of other individuals. In Arthur Miller’s play, Death of a Salesman, the character of Willy Loman holds onto the wrong values of the American Dream, consequently causing his inevitable failure and in most cases negatively affecting those close to him. Willy Loman was a salesman whose deluded thinking led him into believing that he was “well-liked” by everyone and was a successful salesman. His false dreams and skewed sense of reality led him to believe that following his true passion, carpentry, was not a conventional way of life.
Overweening pride and a haughty personality are faults of conscience according to what Aristotle perceives to be a characteristic of a tragic hero. Driven by partial-realizations, Willy Loman was a man whose miserable reality of his life was distorted and that led down to his mortal sacrifice for his family. Aristotelian law on the nature of tragedy takes the entire plot as the beginning, middle, and the end of the tragedy (Raymond 1). When filing in the requirements of a tragic hero, Willy’s downfall was flawed from the start for not being able to attain a realistic point-of-view, but overall, the climax of the tragedy is centered on the second act in the restaurant. Willy’s pride and dignity is transferred to his son, Biff.
Oedipus and Willy because of their pride did the exact opposite of what they intended: Willy wanted to help his family, and instead he had just hurt them. Oedipus meant to find the murderer of Laius as way to further glorify him; rather it just caused him to bring shame upon himself. That was the price they paid for their pride, and while Willy does not realize what has done before he died, Oedipus must carry the shame of actions until he does die. Pride destroyed both men, in different ways, and such is the way of hamartia and the tragic fall of a tragic hero.
Willy wasn’t much better with his “friends”. He hated Charley for being more affluent than him and expressed this anger when he bullies Charley over a game of cards. Charley only tolerates Willy because he pities his fate. And attempting to use his “personality” to get a job from his boss’s son Howard only gets Willy
Willy incorrectly thinks that “It’s not what you say, it’s how you say it — because personality always wins the day”, which is absolutely not true and causes him to be a poor role model for his children (Miller 65). It also leads his Howard firing him, which is nicely described as the “The underlying struggle is that of the individual attempting to gain his ‘rightful’ position in his society” (Miller 144). The fact that Willy is not able to adapt with society and a... ... middle of paper ... ...rs in terms of the American Dream because he committed suicide, he mostly embodies the elements that make him a tragic hero. Miller is about to show that through specific characteristic and thematic elements that Willy is indeed a tragic hero whose demise was an product of the misconceptions of his salesman’s dream. Due to Willy’s delusional dream, he is unable accept the reality he lives in causing him to live in the past.
Miller created fear by creating a character that people can relate to. The fact that Willy is a common man reinforces the fear in the audience, because he is more relatable then a king. You feel pity because throughout his life Willy live blindly with lost dreams and hopes. The purpose of a tragic hero, is to create both pity and fear on the audience, to teach a lesson to the audience .Willy is a tragic hero, Willy is not perfect, and he has a distorted set of values. Sadly Willy cause his own downfall, his meaningless pride, his “tragic flaw” blinded him from seeing the truth, but his flaw thought a lesson to the audience.
A tragic hero is commonly known as a character of nobility that undergoes a fatal change which ultimately results in a tragedy. Arthur Miller, however, has a slightly different view in regards to what a tragic hero is. He asserts that a tragic hero does not necessarily have to be a character of nobility, instead can be an average person in possession of a tragic flaw. In Death of a Salesman, a play written by Arthur Miller, the criteria of a modern tragic hero are best expressed and demonstrated through the main character, Willy Loman. Willy Loman’s tragic flaw would be his excessive and unwarranted pride.
The body of this essay starts out with a discussion of tragedy, and the commonly viewed perception of it, one of pessimism. It goes into detail of several different definitions of tragedy, made by literary critics. The "tragic flaw" is discussed and proven to be a major part of a tragedy, especially Miller's. Death of a Salesman is used to prove this statement. The idea that Miller's plays are optimistic is discussed in great detail.
Another play writer that is famous for his use of tragic heroes would be Arthur Miller. Arthur Miller has written many famous tragic plays such as Death of a Salesman. Willy Loman, in Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman, is a tragic hero because of his aspirations to be great, his tragic flaws, and his tragic downfall In Arthur Miller’s