Death And Afterlife Essay

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Questions of death and afterlife are essential for Buddhist philosophy. What happens to the individual after death is a topic for endless speculations. Nevertheless all of them are connect to the Buddhists understanding of life as a dukkha, the suffering that is caused by cravings, unsatisfactory desires and worldly attachments. What does death mean for the individual it the context of such existence? Is it final cessation of being or liberation of the self? And what is this “self” that is going to die? Buddhists believe that individual after death either will be reborn again or achieve the state of Nirvana. In case of rebirth, one will be engaged in the everlasting loop of life-death-rebirth, and in case of reaching nirvana, person will be completely free from the cycle of samsara. Buddhist doctrine teaches that nirvana must be the ultimate goal of human life, because it is only one way to escape the world suffering and painful sequence of unceasing deaths. The nature of nirvana and its exact definition are quite…show more content…
Central to Buddhist philosophy is the concept of anatta, or no soul. It is based on Buddha’s vision of impermanence of every phenomenon in the world and the following conclusion that nothing in the person is stable. If one is in a state constant changing, therefore no property of human existence can be surely identified as “soul”(5). What people perceive as soul or self is simply product of their suffering that has been caused by cravings and desires. These craving and desires compound the illusory ego-substance. Instead of the soul, Buddhists uses the concept of khandhas - five essential aggregates that determine each human being. Five khandhas can be generalized as a combination of matter and mental faculties(6). The postmortem existence of nonmaterial khandhas or some form of consciousness is at the heart of debate between annihilists and
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