There were many events that lead up to and caused the Trail of Tears. One of the main reasons that the U.S. wanted the Cherokee’s land was to open eastern lands to European American immigrants (Bertolet). During the 1820’s, as the eastern population grew, southern states urged the federal government to remove Indians from their lands. The government tried to appease the southern states by proposing treaties with the tribes. The Indians felt that the land was rightfully theirs, so they did not agree to these treaties. Since the Indians were not agreeing with the government, President Andrew Jackson approved and signed the Indian Removal Act of 1830. This act allowed the president exchange Indian lands for land west of the Mississippi River. This act was unfair to the Cherokee nation and the Indian people because they had no say in the passing of this act. Supporters of the removal act said that it would allow for Americans and immigrants to...
The Indian Removal Act of 1830 was an executive order made by Andrew Jackson and the Trail of Tears was an event that occurred during the act. The Indian Removal Act was the forced relocation of Native Americans from their homelands westward to a designated Indian Territory which is Oklahoma today. Native American tribes that lived east of the Mississippi River were the groups targeted by the act. The Trail of Tears was the event during the Indian Removal Act where the United States armed forces intervened to enforce the Indian Removal Act by forcing the Native Americans that remained in their homelands to march to the Indian Territory. There were stakeholders that had opposing views on the morality of the Indian Removal Act whether they were directly or indirectly affected by it.
Approved in 1887, the Dawes Severalty Act separated reservation land to give to individual Native Americans. The creators of this act thought that if Native Americans got their own land, they would farm it and eventually adopt white people behavior since many white people at that time farmed. They also thought that the government would no longer have to provide for the Native Americans since the natives would not be part of a tribe that they have to worry about. The leftover land would then be given out for sale to white people. In fact, 62 percent of their land
The Dawes Act may have been written in order to keep the Indians safe and thriving, but it was doomed to fail. In the past, multiple treaties and acts have been proposed and passed with what seems to be in the native’s best interest but all have been forsaken and rewritten with less offered time and time again. Lands that were given to the Natives were often not the easiest to tame, nor were they the best to attempt a decent living on. Often times the Indians would even have their land weaseled away. In the end, the Dawes Act was a land-grabbing attempt, and a very successful one at
With the passing of the Dawes Severalty Act in 1887, Native American lands were divided by the United States government and given in allotments back to the rightful owners. The Reverend Lyman Abbott, the author of A Proposal for Indian Education (1888) described it as “the solution of the land problem” with regards to the obstacles that the government created when concerning itself with Native American reformation. Abbott wrote that the nation planned to “consecrate the entire [Native American] continent to civilization, with no black spot upon it devoted to barbarism.” He firmly believed that if the United States government did
Although many nineteenth century commentators claimed that Native Americans were “vanishing”, which means they could not adapt to modernity and would die out, this proved to be untrue. Native population numbers did drop significantly; however, this was not caused by the inability to modernize but rather from whites moving and mistreating them. In many cases Native Americans readily adopted white clothing and other objects. There have been numerous photos taken of Natives dressed in traditional Euro-American clothing. This cultural assimilation of Native Americans can mainly be attributed to the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 and the Dawes Act of 1887 which granted all Natives living on reservations American citizenship and granted families
To properly understand how The citizenship Act affected the evolving state of Native Americans, as inhabitants of the united states, one must understand the social and legal status of Native Americans leading up to and following the its passage. In 1853, the Gadsden Purchase completed the United State’s Acquisition of the modern day Continental United States. After this, and opinions on Native American tribes shifted from sovereign nations which were to harmoniously co-exist with the United States, to a primitive culture which existed within the its borders of is meant to accommodate to American culture. “Congress began to pass laws on an individual basis that place[d] Indian people under jurisdiction of the United States.” These laws were put in place to acquire and distribute Native American lands to white settlers. Among these were the Dawes Act and the Curtis Act, which sought to redistributes tribal lands to individuals removing a sense of unity between tribes. The Supreme Court rulings of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock and Cherok...
Throughout history the United States was involved in some form of racial dispute. During the Trail of Tears in particular, the Native Americans were the ones forced to live under White rule. Until the year 1828 the Cherokee rights belonged to the Federal Government. In the same year Andrew Jackson was elected the next President of the United States, and soon the Native Americans would be a part of the next generation racial targeting. On September 15, 1830, representatives of the United States and the Chiefs of the tribes met to discuss a bill just recently passed by Congress. In 1830 the Indian Removal Act was put into play. This Act stated
...e and customs. In 1934 Congress enacted the Indian Reorganization Act, prepared by John Collier, which ended the allotment system, gave Native Americans control of their land, increased appropriations for reservations, and allowed tribes practice their traditions. Because of criticism of Collier's policy, in 1945 many of the programs ended.
Under the Jackson Administration, the changes made shaped national Indian policy. Morally, Andrew Jackson dismissed prior ideas that natives would gradually assimilate into white culture, and believed that removing Indians from their homes was the best answer for both the natives and Americans. Politically, before Jackson treaties were in place that protected natives until he changed those policies, and broke those treaties, violating the United States Constitution. Under Jackson’s changes, the United States effectively gained an enormous amount of land. The removal of the Indians west of the Mississippi River in the 1830’s changed the national policy in place when Jackson became President as evidenced by the moral, political, constitutional, and practical concerns of the National Indian Policy.