David Hume Essay

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The problem facing induction has been a great challenge presented by epistemology to various philosophers, among them David Hume. Since the 18th century, he has raised the induction concern to various philosophers with the aim of finding a solution to the dilemma. Karl Popper, Chalmers among others philosophers played an imperative role in identifying a considerable solution to the induction problem. In philosophy, induction is defined as a form of reasoning that is derived from a particular observation of a phenomenon and draws conclusions from the phenomenon. For instance, it is certain that the sun will rise tomorrow in the morning simply because it has been observed that it rises every morning. This is an example of inductive reasoning among individuals. On the contrary, philosophers stipulate that inductive reasoning has its challenges that are based on the aspect of justification (Sellars, 2000, p. 64). This essay will aim at evaluating the problems of induction and establishing some possible solutions to the dilemma.
The subject of induction can be derived back from the 18th century after philosophers argued about contemporary individual views. David Hume emerged with the induction problem and posed a big challenge on how people approached the world through inductive reasoning. According to his writings, induction created an epistemological hurdle proving unreasonable as a way of acquiring knowledge. Chalmers’s contribution to inductive reasoning facilitated towards finding a resolution to the problem. Induction had created a skeptical danger towards a widely accepted belief in the society. According to Chalmers, it is an unjustifiable approach that individuals use to make assumptions from what has been, previously...

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...h not justifiable enough to be relied. Even though the inductive reasoning has been a success in the determination of events and instances that have occurred in the past, philosophers still argue about its appropriateness, in the modern society (Earman, 2006, p.36). The problem of induction has been analyzed through various philosophical studies with the aim of finding a justifiable answer to the dilemma. The uncertainty of inductive reason forms the basis of myriad questions that engulf the justification of the approach. According to some philosophers, it is possible that some unknown phenomenon might occur, leading to justification with a known phenomenon. As aforementioned, falsification and irrationalism are some of the solutions to the induction problem. It is, therefore, imperative for individuals to falsify the beliefs through hypothesis and empirical testing.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that david hume's research suggests that deduction is a way of concluding from general information, leading to specific resolution.
  • Explains that induction was a challenge presented by epistemology to various philosophers, including hume, popper, and chalmers.
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