Data Communications: Wi-Fi Wireless Technology

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Introduction
Wi-Fi is wireless technology in which the data is communicated between two or more Wi-Fi enabled electronic devices using microwaves. In most of the cases the microwaves of 2.4 GHz frequency is used for data communication. Wi-Fi is used to create local area network, or wireless hotspots, or even home area network. Wi-Fi technology is even used in many of the wireless devices such as stereo wireless headphones, or wireless keyboard and mouse other computer peripherals. It has a lot of scope for usage from networking to pairing devices, it provides a wireless connections. There are many other devices, like Smartphone, tablets, Laptops, etc which have Wi-Fi client so that they can access any of the Wi-Fi access point or hotspot to access data services or internet.
Research
Wi-Fi is a known technology and works on the protocols as defined by IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) 802.11 standards. The name Wi-Fi is used as a synonym for Wireless LAN or WLAN. Normally the range of any wireless access point is few meters, however as it work on microware, the range reduces with any kind of obstacles such as wall. If used in open area, the range could be extended. There are range extenders as well which are available in market. These range extenders combination of two devices, which is wireless client and wireless router or access point. They receive the signals of one access point and transmit the same thus enhancing the range of network. These extenders work as wireless repeaters.
Technology
Wi-Fi works on microwaves with two widely used bands of 2.5 GHz and 5 GHz. It is based on the standards as per the IEEE 802.11 standards. The technology is used for transmitted data packets wirelessly. Wi-Fi he...

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...g Wi-Fi are as follows:-
• Low cost of infrastructure.
• Less hassle of lying wired network connection.
• Easier to manage and control
• Easy to monitor network access.
• Easy to implement.
• One Device itself can handle up to 100 connections.

References
Mitchell, B. (n.d.). What Is Wi-Fi in Computer Networking? Retrieved from http://compnetworking.about.com/cs/wireless80211/g/bldef_wifi.htm
NSA monitors Wi-Fi on US planes ‘in violation’ of privacy laws. (2014, April 10). Retrieved from http://rt.com/usa/inflight-wfi-nsa-monitoring-548/
Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) Definition. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.techterms.com/definition/wi-fi
Wi-Fi Alliance. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.wi-fi.org/
Hu, H., Myers, S., Colizza, V., & Vespignani, A. (2009). Wi-Fi networks and malware epidemiology. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,106(5), 1318-1323.
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