Even though water bodies are extremely sensitive ecosystem, as demand for petroleum keeps rising and technological innovations developed offshore drilling introduced to satisfy the rising demand (Corn, and Copeland). There is no doubt oil-drilling, in general, and offshore drilling, in particular, is playing a great role in reaching the ongoing demand for the resource, which immensely benefit our energy and industrial craving. However, this resource exploitation is also costing in ecosystem degradation, environmental pollution, and social health imbalance. Does the existing trend of exponential expansion of offshore oil-drilling exploration and production following the path towards sustainable economic and environmental development? Based on the article "Offshore Drilling", the term offshore drilling refers to both exploration and final producing of wells accessing underwater resource reservoirs of oil and gas deposits.
Published 9 July, 2013. Retrieved 1 June, 2014. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/gulf-oil-spill-by-the-numbers/. “Environmental Effects of Oil Spills on Marine Ecosystems.” Ports and Maritime Organization. Updated 2013. Retrieved 2 June, 2014 http://bushehrport.pmo.ir/en/maritimeenvironment/coastalmarine.
BP became the sole recipient of both the government and environmental organizations attacks, therefore requiring them to rethink their social responsibility and be used as an example for future environmental changes. The economy of the United States, as well as the economies throughout the world, depend on the oil and gas industry to be lucrative. This industry provides vital raw materials that help with hundreds of daily products used in daily lives. Companies, like BP, used technology to locate oil and gas under the earth surface. Through science and technology, they have been able to improve the methods in which to locate one of the most important raw materials available.