The first day of the Invasion of Normandy (also known as D-Day) was crucial to the Allies in their push to end World War II. It is considered to be one of the riskiest and most successful battles of the war. Unfortunately, it was also one of the deadliest. The events leading to the Battle of Normandy are vital to understand before investigating the Battle itself.
World War II consisted of the war in the Pacific as well as the war in Europe. In June of 1940, the Germans had successfully invaded France and conquered most of Europe. On the other side of the world, the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941. America was torn between two sides of the same war. It was time for the United States, Britain, Canada, France, the USSR, and all others being oppressed by Germany to take a stand. This group of countries called themselves the Allies.
First, he Allies launched the invasion of Sicily followed by the invasion of Italy in 1943. These battles allowed the troops to gain confidence and experience in amphibious warfare, a type of warfare in which an army plans to use naval force to assault and control a coast/shore (Ford, 2009). These successful invasions were helpful in the planning of the invasion of Normandy.
In May of 1943 at the Trident Conference in Washington, it was decided that the Allies were to begin their attack of continental Europe by invading Normandy, France. The Invasion of Normandy would consist of naval barrages, airborne drops, paratroopers as well as infantry storming. The coast was divided into five beaches, code named (from west to east) Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno, and Sword. The Americans were scheduled to attack Utah and Omaha while the British and Canadian forces were assigned the Gold, Juno, and Sword ...
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...ermans began their retreat. On August 25th, Paris was liberated from German control. The final German offensive move occurred on December 16th in the Battle of the Bulge. After they were defeated, they were forced to retreat back into Germany and eventually surrender on May 7th, 1945 (U.S. Holocaust Museum, 2013).
D-Day was a huge turning point in the War in Europe. Although it was a huge risk for the Allies to breach France, it was absolutely necessary to help end the war. The pressure of a second battle front on Germany forced them to collapse in under a year. The time between the fall of Paris (June of 1940) and Germany’s surrender was a whopping 5 years compared to the time between D-Day and Germany’s surrender (1 year). If the Allied invasion was not successful, Germany would have never met such crippling resistance. Who knows what Europe could have become?