WWWMDs: Cyber-attacks against infrastructure in domestic anti-terror laws. Computer Law & Security Review, 27(2), 152-161. doi:10.1016/j.clsr.2011.01.008 Hua, J., & Bapna, S. (2013). The economic impact of cyber terrorism. Journal Of Strategic Information Systems, 22(2), 175-186. doi:10.1016/j.jsis.2012.10.004 Janairo, E. (2002). States fight against cyber-terrorism: cyber-attacks could intensify a terrorism attack and severely damage the nation's ability to fight crime.
Director of National Intelligence, Dennis Blair and Thio (2010), both agree that it is America’s huge dependence on the cyber world for its critical life support functions that makes it severely vulnerable to succumbing to an unprecedented electronic attack. Just like a traditional attack, Cyber terrorism can lead to death or bodily injury, explosions, plane crashes, water contamination, or severe economic loss (Thio, 2010). First of all, the thing that makes cyber terrorism intrinsically different from standard terrorism attacks is the fact that it is barrier proof and terrorists can bypass the American law because they can operate in countries that do not have laws against cyber terrorism (Siegel, 2009). Cyber terrorists can also use the internet as a supplement to regular attacks because they can obtain information about target countries an... ... middle of paper ... ...d War Is Raging".2011. CNNMoney.
Cyber war is coming, the impact could be huge. Retrieved February 11, 2010, from Help Net Security: http://www.net-security.org/secworld.php?id=8484 Net Security.org. (2009, October 27). Serious cyber attacks on the horizon. Retrieved February 11, 2010, from Help Net Security: http://www.net-security.org/secworld.php?id=8439
Operation Aurora Americans are becoming heavily dependent on modern day technology, which produce more vulnerability to cyber-attacks such as security breaches. Cyber security, also known as information technology security, is information security as applied to computers and computer networks. It is designed to protect networks, programs, computers and data from attacks. These attacks can lead to damages or unauthorized access to data. Computer security also includes protection from unplanned events and natural disasters.
06 February. 2012. Nakashima, Ellen. “FBI director warns of ‘rapidly expanding’ cyberterrorism threat.” Washington Post. 4 March.
Attacks that lead to death or bodily injury, explosions, plane crashes, water contamination, or severe economic loss would be examples, serious attacks against important infrastructures could be acts of cyberterrorism, depending on their impact. This essay will illustrate and analyse the main issues and ideas behind cyberterrorism. This will include information that has led to the internet being used in a mailicous way, ethical issues, paradigms that cyberterrorism follows, motivations and incidents that have occurred in the past. One FBI spokespersons definition is- 'Cyber terrorism' means intentional use or threat of use, without legally recognized authority, of violence, disruption, or interference against cyber systems, when it is likely that such use would result in death or injury of a person or persons, substantial damage to physical property, civil disorder, or significant economic harm'. Cyber attacks and effects Cyberspace is constantly under assault.
Different authors have reviewed the cyber terrorism from different angles. Most of them have focused on the aims and objectives which terrorist wants to accomplish through cyber warfare. Moreover they have stressed over the need to the measures taken to combat cyber-attacks by terrorists. It is asserted in an article the battlefield of cyber space: the inevitable new military branch-the cyber force by Natasha Solce. In this article she has analyzed cyberspace as future battlefield she stressed on the need of plans which include amendments in constitution, establishing a cyber-force and strictked security measures to tackle cyber terrorism.
Cyber crimes have rapidly become the number one threat to the United States and its citizens; the progression of these crimes has demanded the attention of US Intelligence. According to James Clapper, Director of Intelligence, Terrorism has been displaced by computer crimes as the highest potential threat here in America, major concerns surface around targeting computer devices or computer network’s, attacks using viruses, fears of identity thefts, fraud, and cyber stalking along with other reasons. These threats present a threat to individual and industrial systems comparable. During a worldwide threat assessment meeting in March 2013, revealed concerns o... ... middle of paper ... ... January 20, 2009. Sat.
Cyberbullying : A Growing Problem [Internet]. Available at: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100222104939.htm/ [Accessed : 21 December 2011]. National Crime Prevention Council (2010). Cyberbullying [Internet]. Available at: http://www.ncpc.org/cyberbullying/ [Accessed : 03/01/2012].
When speaking of computer sabotage we are referring to the disruption, or destruction, of a system by malware. However, unlike electronic break-ins, where hackers gain unauthorized access to a system, computer sabotage almost always occurs due to an “operator error” as the user unknowingly welcomes malware to their own system. Computer sabotage often targets the weakest points of entry into a system and relies on the ignorance of a user to mount an attack, therefore proper training of users and the constant debugging and testing of security measures should be stressed to ensure the highest level of defense from malicious attack. Firstly, when discussing computer sabotage it is important to follow the actions that led to the incident in order to determine key areas that might be improved. One such incident is the relatively new crypto locker virus, which practically takes a user’s entire system ransom until a sum of money has been paid.