Current Trends in Drug and Alcohol Addiction

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Humanity has had a long relationship with drugs and alcohol, so long that Stone Age beer jugs dating back to 10,000 BC have been discovered. Some historians argue that beer predates bread as a staple of human consumption (Hanson, 2013, Para. 1). As the centuries passed alcohol and drugs became ingrained in the early cultures of recorded history, the Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Chinese, and early Christians all utilized mind-altering substances in ceremony and celebration (Hanson, 2013, Para. 3). Today, drugs and alcohol still play an active role in societies around the world. Yet, governments in the majority of these societies have strict prohibitions against certain drugs, and limitations on the use of alcohol (Ratliff, 2014, Para. 2). Just as societies have enacted limitations on drugs and alcohol, many religions have followed suit (Perry, Sorajjakool, Yelland, & McMillan, 2014). However, even with vast legislation, societal influences, and medical technological advances many human beings still lose the ability to control the usage of these substances, and form what is called addiction. Drugs are classified in several different ways, and are generally classified based on the drugs effects. Nonetheless, they all have a common thread, and that is to alter the consciousness of the user. Drugs that cross the blood brain barrier affecting the functions of the Central Nervous System are called psychoactive drugs (“DrugFacts: Alcohol Recovery Center,” 2014, Para. 2). The two main classifications of psychoactive drugs are stimulants and depressants. Stimulants provide a rush of adrenaline, and increase dopamine and norepinephrine production. Stimulant drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamines heighten the users senses, increase energy... ... middle of paper ... ... Perry, P. B., Sorajjakool, S., Yelland, T., & McMillan, K. (2014). Health Care and Religious Beliefs. Loma Linda Health. Retrieved March 24, 2014, from http://lomalindahealth.org/media/medical-center/departments/employee-wholeness/healthcare-religious-beliefs.pdf Ratliff, J. (2014). History of drug laws and restrictions in U.S. . facultypages. Retrieved March 24, 2014, from http://facultypages.morris.umn.edu/~ratliffj/psy1081 /drug_laws.htmFind a Substance Abuse. (2013, June 6). - Healthy People 2020. Retrieved April 8, 2014, from http://healthypeople.gov/2020/lhi/substanceabuse.aspx?tab=data#adolescents "Types of Drugs." Types of Drugs RSS. (2013). Retrieved. April 6, 2014, from . Understanding Addiction. (2014). : How Addiction Hijacks the Brain. Retrieved April 8, 2014, from http://www.helpguide.org/harvard/addiction_hijacks_brain.htm
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