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Culture in Britain

explanatory Essay
1407 words
1407 words
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Culture is how groups of people live in society according to their religion, custom or belief. This influences attitudes, values and behaviour. Each culture varies, having differences, such as, language, norms, values and expectations. This can be demonstrated in lots of ways, for instance, types of clothes worn, food eaten, wedding ceremonies and celebrations. Cultures normally have traditions that have been followed for centuries. For example, in Africa it is common for the groom or his family to pay the bride’s family, a bride-price, in exchange for her ‘labour and reproductive powers’ (Cardwell, 2001). Britain consists of four countries with traditionally two languages, English and Welsh, but having many different accents from different counties. The main religion is Christianity which follows the book of the bible, the cross symbol and the belief of God and Jesus. Once a very powerful influence in Britain, it was considered sinful to not obey the church’s rules and was punishable by death. Now, however, religion is not as highly followed so rules are relaxed. Although, many sub divisions are still followed such as, Church of England or Jehovah’s Witness. Nonetheless, religion still forms the basis of many celebrations and holidays, such as, Christmas, the celebration of Jesus’s birth and Easter, the celebration of his resurrection. Marriage, still influential by religion, as many are performed by vicars within churches. It is traditional for the couple to say vows and for the bride to wear white, a symbol of purity. She throws her bouquet to the guests as it is considered lucky if caught by a single female as believed she will be next to marry. However, many weddings are nowadays performed within registry off... ... middle of paper ... ...dhistsociety.org/about-buddhism/festivalsandcelebrations [Accessed 27 October 2013] Buddhist Society, (no date), About Buddhism: Lay people, Available at: http://www.thebuddhistsociety.org/aboutbuddhism/laypeople [Accessed 27 October 2013] Cardwell, M. C. (2001). Psychology for A2 Level. London: HarperCollins Ltd. Dharma, S. (1997). Beliefs, Values and Traditions. Oxford: Heinemann Educational. Ganeri, A. (1997). What do we know about Buddhism. Hove: Macdonald Young Books. Iskcon, 2004, Hinduism: Symbols, Available at http://www.hinduism.iskcon.org/lifestyle/806htm [Accessed 28 October 2013] Lovelace, A. W. (1996). Beliefs, Values and Traditions. Oxford: Heinemann Educational. Macdonald, F. (2005). Communities in Britain: Hindus in Britain. London: Franklin Watts. Penny, S. (1999). Discovering religions: Buddhism Foundation Level. Oxford: Heinemann Educational.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains how culture influences attitudes, values, and behaviour. each culture varies, having differences, such as, language, norms and values. cultures usually have traditions that have been followed for centuries.
  • Explains that britain's main religion is christianity, which follows the book of the bible, the cross symbol, and the belief of god and jesus.
  • Explains that marriage is still influential by religion, as many are performed by vicars within churches. many weddings are nowadays performed within registry offices or couples may not marry as it is no longer considered important.
  • Explains that christenings are optional baptisms of birth and welcoming to the house of god, performed by vicars in churches. burials or cremations are committals, belief the dead person is in god’s safe keeping.
  • Explains that families are traditionally two parents, but single parents are common as it is no longer stigmatised to have children out of wedlock. british couples tend to live alone with their children, although family is important.
  • Explains that britain has the nhs, the only system of its kind in the world, and the benefits system, which provides extra money to all in financial need.
  • Explains that 80% of india's population is hindu, but they started arriving in britain during shortages of workers after world war two. hindus believe in karma, the law of cause and effect, and that all thoughts and actions are answerable to god.
  • Explains that most hindus are vegetarians, believing animals should be free to live life. marriage is a union of two families so parents decide and arrange the marriage.
  • Explains that buddhism originated from india, following guru buddha and his teachings (dharma). greed, hatred, and confusion stand in the way of breaking the cycle and reaching nirvana.
  • Explains that the wesak is an important date in the buddihist calendar.
  • Explains that hindus and buddhists have many similarities within their culture. they both originate from india and worship with statues, flowers, and lit candles.
  • Explains that both cultures believe in karma, buddhists believe individuals are responsible for their own life through their good or bad actions to make their rebirth nearer to nirvana. both cultures dress according to the country they live in.
  • Explains that hindus have ten important symbols, including om (aum), the most important symbol of hinduism, and the lotus (padma).
  • Concludes that although cultures have differences, they also have similarities in their beliefs and traditions. religion and its beliefs are a big aspect of each culture.
  • Explains that buddhism: festivals and ceremonies is available at http://www.thebuddhistsociety.org.
  • Explains dharma, ganeri, lovelace, and macdonald in their book, hinduism: symbols.
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