Culture, Culture And Culture In The Caribbean World

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Cuba
Whether it’s for the music, people or food, Cuba is a popular and interesting place to visit. Cuba is located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. At 42,426 square miles, Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean and the 105th largest country in the world. Cuba has a population of 11.1 million. Out of that 11.1 million, Havana is home to 2.1 million (Nation Facts). The official language of Cuba is Spanish, but English and French are spoken throughout the country. The most practiced religion of Cuba is Roman Catholicism, but a large number of people follow the Afro-Cuban and Protestant religions. The president of Cuba is currently Raúl Castro, which is Fidel Castro’s brother. The currency of Cuba is the Cuban peso
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Aboriginal groups—the Guanahatabey, Ciboney, and Taíno—inhabited the island but were soon eliminated or died as a result of diseases or the shock of conquest. Thus, the impact of indigenous groups on subsequent Cuban society was limited, and Spanish culture, institutions, language, and religion prevailed” (Nations Online). The new society developed after Spain colonized Cuba in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Cuba remained as a stopping point for the Spanish fleet for the first three centuries after the conquest. A couple of years later, Cuba was turned into a major sugar producer and slaves were in demand. Slaves arrived in large numbers and prosperity eventually replaced poverty. This led to a movement towards independence in the nineteenth century. Most of Latin America broke their ties with Spain but Cuba stayed loyal. Close to the end of the nineteenth century, the loyalty started to change because of the Creole rivalry with the Spaniards for the ruling of Cuba, Spanish despotism and the growth of Cuban nationalism. This eventually led to the Ten Years’ War against Spain. The Ten Years’ War failed to win independence for Cuba. At the start of the second independence war, the Cuban leader José Martí was killed. The Americans entered the conflict due to the strained relations between Spain and the United States. This was…show more content…
The average temperature sits at 25°C. Naturally, the weather varies according to season; the dry season runs from November to April, and brings a welcome relief from the humid summer months of May to October, when humidity levels can reach 90-95%. This is also the monsoon season; the coast of Cuba lies in the path of hurricanes, and winds of over 200 km/h are therefore to be expected. In the south east of the island, temperatures reach 1 to 2 °C higher than in the west” (Sprachcaffe). Because of the climate in Cuba, there are many different species of plants and animals. Cuba is actually considered to be free of any dangerous snake. Some animals include: the Prehensile Tail Hutia, the Cuban Solendon, and the Indian Mongoose (Havana-Guide). Plants and crops of Cuba include: sugar cane, tobacco, palm trees, the ceibon tree, and the palmita de sierra. Some of these plants cannot be found anywhere else in the world

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