The 'James Bond' series of films provides us with a resource which allows us to think about the shifting ways in which concepts of masculinity and femininity have been represented in British cinema since the early 1960s. Discuss this statement, drawing on relevant academic reading, and two 'James Bond' films of your choice. Masculinity and femininity are an ever changing concept. Cultural sexual ideologies have been rooted to hegemonic views of genders. 'James Bond' and his 'Bond Girls' depict the 'idealised' males and females of the past five decades; the cinematic visions of beautiful women beside handsome spies, fast cars and high stakes, supposedly display the dreams of the audience.
Slocum, J. David, ed. Routledge, 2001. Turner, Graeme. Film As Social Practice. New York: Routledge, 1999.
(pp. 191). New York: Oxford University Press Inc. Hirschi, T. (2011). Social bond theory. In F. Cullen & R. Agnew (Eds.
“It’s a whole different sex!” Jerry (Jack Lemmon) exclaims in ‘Some Like It Hot’ (1959), while admiring Sugar’s (Marilyn Monroe) body. It is with statements like this that Billy Wilder’s movie challenges traditional views of binary genders. While probably unintentional, this movie uses cross-dressing , among other things, to parody the performativity of gender. This method of subversion was not conceptualized until the 90’s by Judith Butler in her books ‘Gender Trouble’ and ‘Bodies that Matter’ (171-189; 223-242), showing how ahead of its time the film was. ‘Some Like It Hot’ subverts heteronormativity by deconstructing binary genders, separating gender from sexuality and satirizing heterosexuality.
The novel was again filmed in 1958 by the British director Ralph Thomas. This production again used a "lavish staging" (Winnert 1009). The novel has proved to be a popular source for television adaptations as well: it was adapted in 1980 and 1989, the first being an ATV production directed by Jim Goddard and the latter an Anglo-French production directed by Philippe Monnier. A Tale of Two Cities promoted the image of a stable England by using revolutionary France as a setting to highlight the contrasts between the two countries, although Dickens seemed to believe in the eighteen-fifties that England was heading towards an uprising on the scale of the French Revolution. In the twentieth century, we see the French Revolution used as a 'lavish' setting in film and TV productions of A Tale of Two Cities.
Social Structure and Anomie. In F. T. Cullen & R. Agnew (Authors), Criminological theory: past to present : essential readings. New York: Oxford University Press. Rosenfeld, R., & Messner, S. (2011). Crime and the American Dream.
Nursing organizations and educational institutions should publicize more realistic images and messages in order to provide a positive representation of men in nursing and to showcase their contribution to nursing (Stanley, 2012). Literature Review The film media displays male nurses as invisible, unskilled, and/or irrelevant to the nursing profession. Historically, screenwriters would add male nurse characters in films “to imply homosexuality” (Stanley, 2012). The media also questions the masculinity and sexuality of the male nurse, due to the choice of occupation. The media characterizes male nurses as “power hungry”, “aggressive and ambitious, or lazy, underachievers who were not up to admission to medical school” (Stanley, 2012).