Typology serves as a topic that draws connections between keywords and different theorists' concepts. "Symbolic meaning enriches human space with personal and sociocultural value, communicates attitudes and beliefs, integrates with other sign systems in communication, and regulates social behaviors." ( )Type is a medium that transports the history and culture. Rafael Moneo thinks that is impossible to build a future with the solid ground without grounding it in the past and tradition (Moneo 25). To ensure the sustained development of human civilization, architects should become protectors, connoisseurs, and creators to our culture.
Regarding Mies’ statements, which is contrary to Venturi’s interpretation, an architectural design should be done for multi-functionality, compatibility, and adaptability regardless of the usage subject or scale to satisfy different changes of human needs over the time. Based on this idea, the viewpoint of flexible design and the existence of multi-purpose spaces in a neutral and fix form in Mies’ architectural works could be obviously proved (Padovan, 2002). Hence, it could be claimed that his outstanding motto “less is more” is presented in order to achieve such
Accordingly, the different architectural styles found in architectural of an era and/or different eras are significantly shaped by the variations found in the design values embedded in the design process. In that sense, changes in architecture are created by the change in design values. To avoid, or at least, decrease repeating history, Noori’s study provided a perspective on adapting a promising concept in architecture, borrowed from philosophy: the “transvaluation” of values. Besides, since architecture is mainly connected to human life, the study considered and examined Nietzsche's “transvaluation” project. In order to do so, the study took the state of contemporary architecture as a case study for exploring the “transvaluation” theme.
The role of space in architectural context has individual shape of the interaction between material and ideal processes. It contains the unity of consciousness and substantive world that forms into new stable systems in different types of reality. But Architecture - is the stability. The stability in its turn is the criteria of shaping essentials, it is the stability of relationships and connections, dynamics and variability. Hence, we observe the repetition in architecture and reproducibility of its
Introduction The concept of living within the ecological boundaries of the Earth means that we have to use natural resources in a sustainable way, this means that these resources should not be used to the point where their threshold is exceeded and they become depleted. Although this is the case, we also have to look at this from a social point of view. We cannot live within our ecological boundaries if the world’s population is living under the social foundation. In other words, we need to use the world’s resources in a way that they are sustained, while still providing the world’s population with basic living needs, this is essentially sustainable development (Raworth, 2012). Sustainable development is an attempt to combine environmental issues with socio-economic issues (Hopwood et al., 2005), this therefore encompasses the ideas of ecological boundaries and a solid social foundation.
Culture is thus essentially adaptive. Following the concept of cultural relativism espoused by Margaret Mead (1968) it is the view of this article that culture must be seen asbe specific and valid in particular circumstances with value judgement as to its relative significance to other groups, even within the same nation-state or society. The point that is therefore being made is that there are some particularities of culture that characterize
Critical Regionalism could also be seen as a solution to cultural issues and the problems of architectural identity. Frampton’s argument is that critical regionalism should not only answer to context, but it should also value the progress of universal modern architecture (Frampton,1983). An important aspect of Critical Regionalism is that the occupants of any design experience the local climatic c... ... middle of paper ... ...cteristics, with appropriate current technology. It is the search for an architecture that is meaningful within its context and at the same time participates in the more universal aspects of a contemporary mobile society.” McGinnis (1999:211), Argues that, the main focus of critical regionalism should be place and resistance, which he terms ‘bioregional restoration’ the aims of this term are to: “…re-immerse the practice of human communities within the bio-regions that provide their material support…. Bioregional restoration can be a therapeutic strategy to expose ourselves viscerally to local ecosystem process, to foster identification with other life forms and to rebuild community within place, as the insights and local information that emerge from restoration activities affect the cultural and economic practice of the human population” (Cole, Lorch, 2003:122).
Why there is no passion to preserve the cultural identities or heritage which belongs to the past? Every place of worship should be respected whether we believe in it or whether we don’t. We were made to respect each other, we were made to tolerate. My initial research was based on the question that whether in an Islamic count... ... middle of paper ... ... not only cause intolerance, but have failed to provide any legal safety for religious minorities. Conclusion Like United States, our government should also start working for the preservation of religious institutions because they are the means of tourism which ultimately benefit our economy.
“A feeling of identity of a group or culture or of an individual as far as she or he is influenced by her or his sense of belonging to a group or culture”(Herrle, Weggerhoff. 2008: 222). Different influences of culture and identity plays an important role in contemporary architecture today. To support this statement, Herrle and Schmitz (2009) argue that because of the impact of globalization, designers have started to re-look at the user’s traditions and cultures as design generators that will assist in forming a new contemporary architecture that will aspire to fulfill both contemporary and local expression (Herrle and Schmitz, 2009). King further mentions that a sense of place is better achieved in cities whose identity is closely linked to a certain geographic location which emphasizes this sense of place.
Critical Regionalism could also be seen as the best solution to cultural issues and the problems of architectural identity. Frampton’s argument is that critical regionalism should not only answer to context, but it should also value the progress of universal modern architecture. Critical Regionalism, defined by Fred S. Matter “… is an attempt to synthesize the rooted aspects of a region, including physical and cultural characteristics, with appropriate current technology. It is the search for an architecture that is meaningful within its context and at the same time participates in the more universal aspects of a contemporary mobile society.” (Matter. F.S: 1989) In this essay I will discuss how concrete regionalism was presented in the work of Le Corbusier who is the most classic example of this movement, Oscar Niemeyer, and Antoine Predock .