During this era of global history from 632 to 1352 C.E, it is seen that the societies began to interact with other cultures leading to cultural diffusion which would have both positive impacts, such as new trade goods, on societies along with negative effects, such as being conquered, on these societies as well. The documents provided show these benefits and harmful factors of cultural diffusion during this global era. Documents one, two, four, and five show some of the negative effects of global interaction. Within this group document one, four and five shows how societies have a direct negative impact on each other. On the other hand document three and six show how global interaction can have a positive impact on societies.
The Ancient Western World has contributed to the globalization of life today from generations past to present. Many influences from the ancient times has structured the way nations today are run. Going back into time gives insight to how civilization was formed of empires evolving from one era to the next. Exploring the Babylonian, Charlemagne, and Mongolian Empires will reveal life in regards to social lifestyles, political views, and military.
In the course of approximately four hundred years, Western European colonists and prominent historical figures were particularly known for exploiting and devastating distant cultures and civilizations around the world. This included groups ranging from the Aboriginals and the Aztecs in the remote “New World”, to groups in East Asia such as the Chinese and the Mughals. However, historians today debate whether or not these prevailing and prospering Western European nations were as successful at influencing the cultures of nearer empires such as the Ottoman Empire. It is questionable as to whether or not the Ottoman Empire should be compared to other cultures devastated through their interactions with the West, largely due to the Ottomans’ vast success in the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries and eventual internal problems. However, the Ottoman Empire’s inability to remain as successful as its adjacent Western neighbours indicates that they too, were a victim of Western dominance. As the Ottomans began its descent, much of the West continued its prevalence. Therefore, it is fair to say that the Ottoman Empire’s considerable interaction with the West led to the demise and alteration of its culture. The Western powers’ economic supremacy, exploitation of the Ottomans’ internal failures and influence on its religious state each significantly contributed.
Humans began their existence as travelers, slowly making their way across the earth hunting and gathering. This travel was quite slow and gradual, and could be termed a period of “human expansion”, as traveling groups rarely encountered other humans. It really wasn’t until the sixteenth century that a new kind of travel developed, a kind that was more global, occurred rapidly, and was filled with many encounters with other civilizations. This sort of travel signified not simply the spreading of humans across the earth, but more the spreading of ideas among people. And during this particular period, the travelers were predominantly European, and so it was Europeans who, believing in their own superiority, most imposed their ideas on others. Overall, therefore, human travel could more accurately be termed European: its effect was to increase both the power and scope of European ideas. These ideas, in turn, affected many different civilizations, changing the thinking, and actions, of people all over the world, and therefore changing their impact on the world.
This paper will cover and explain chapters 7, 8, and 9. Over the past chapters that have been covered, they have all touched on the main focus of these three chapters. Chapter 7 covers Europe and Western Asia cultures such as the Byzantine Empire. Chapter 8 deals with the Islamic world, which will go over their origins and the expansion of their religion. Chapter 9 focuses on African Societies and Kingdoms which will cover the different cultures and the importance of certain societies that had an impact throughout African history.
The variety of cultures in America is vast and always changing. One’s culture usually depends on their location’s rate of development, the connections with other locations, and especially the influences of different historical times relevant to their culture. Most importantly though, one’s culture depends on their heritage. In order for cultural traditions and habits to be sustained, they must be passed down or learned through family, tribes, or influences.
During early modern European expansion, many interactions took place between Africans, Asians, and Native Americans. Religion, politics, and economic desires were the motivation behind Europe’s desire to expand. Due to their advanced maritime technology and weaponry they were able to do so therefore leading to world globalization. This advanced technology that the Europeans possessed allowed them to take over and control the world’s trade routes, thus connecting various regions of the world that were previously isolated from one another. Growing intellectual curiosity about the outside world mainly sparked this period of expansion as well.
Cross-Cultural Introspective Culture is the customs, institutions, and achievements of a particular nation, people, or group. My culture has influenced me in many ways. Being an African American woman, I have to strive to the best I can be. My ancestors died, so that I may live a full and wonderful life. I have to take advantage of every opportunity that comes my way.
A Cultural Encounter I met this "different person" at the periodical section of the Good Library of State College. After asking the person for my article that I had requested I ask his name, he answers with his Indian accent, "Ajai Ahulalia. " I say, "What?s that?" "Ajai Sanhi," he responds back. "