He says that when a doctor or healer is correct in their diagnosis and the patient gets better, doctors and healers gain more power and prestige within the community, which leads to a greater authority. The job of a medical anthropologist is to observe and analyze how these relationships function within different medical/healing practices around the world in different communities. When medical anthropologists examine folk healing practices, they observe how the healing practices used by the healer demonstrate their social and cultural authority, and they often question the authority because there is no method to quantify the results of the success or failure of the healing practice in the traditional scientific ways that biomedicine has. It is also difficult to quantify because the practices themselves vary within different cultural contexts of the community and each has their ... ... middle of paper ... ...by the budgets for public health measures that establish sanitation systems or distributing chlorine tablets for water. Both the folk healing and biomedical practices strive to help heal patients, improve lives and end suffering.
Public health is preventing disease, prolonging life and informing the community about healthy habits. All of these things revolve around epidemiology as well. Without the study and research of disease humans would have become infected with differently deadly diseases and would most likely cease to exist. Health administration also interests me because without people in charge of the many different functions of health and hospitals health care would not be possible. Those in health administration roles keep things running smoothly and keep everything in order for public health to continue to help people be healthy and informed.
Alternative medicine is the household name of a medical practice that rooted the wide span Western world of medicine that we now associate with prescriptions, surgery, drugs, hospitals and stuffy, sterile waiting rooms. Unlike a doctor who has earned a Ph.D in biomedicine, alternative therapists work with their patients to help them achieve health by reaching a holistic balance with themselves and within society. Medicine in the United States has evolved from an eclectic mix of Native American, African, Eastern and European botanical traditions that have become the foundation of the medical field in America. Plants, herbs, and rays of sunshine were not an uncommon antidote for illness and maladies before the 1800s. Although the idea behind alternative medicine is appealing to numerous amounts of ... ... middle of paper ... ... patients have been offered a homeopathic, cost effective, environmentally safe and non-invasive treatment that focuses on their natural ability and desire to heal.
Medical anthropology, the study of human health, has led to cures of illnesses and diseases throughout the world. Medical anthropology “concerns itself with human health—the factors that contribute to disease or illness and the ways that human populations deal with disease or illness” (Susser, 2003, 14). Illness hinders the body from its full capacity of normal work. A disease inhibits the body from working to its full potential, and populations could die as a result from being infected. Medical anthropology is further described as “human health and illness in local settings to social, economic, and political processes operating on a national scale” (Susser, 2003, 14).
This paper seeks to show the inter-relationship of bio- medical professionals such as doctors and nurses in comparison with medical anthropologists and try to show their relevancy in the healthcare system and their collaboration in inter-professionalism. Medical anthropology is an advancing sub-discipline of anthropology. Medical anthropology is intended to provide a framework, which should enable students to identify and analyze social, cultural, behavioural and environmental factors in relation to health and disease/illness in any given society. Medical anthropologists are not medics or professional doctors but they are usually found within the health care system since they provide an insightful role of involving cultural aspects in diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the healthcare system. This is a perfect and unique example of inter-professionalism in the healthcare system.
Semantics of Medical Terminology: In order to understand medical terminology it is essential to know the meaning behind certain words that are used to describe sickness and how those terms have different connotations in each culture. Understanding the semantics of medical terminology can not only help the clinician treat the patient, but it sheds light on the different components that each word represents within a global perspective. Some words that have been interpreted and adjusted to fit social constructions include disease, illness, health, and sickness. According to Almeida (2001) “disease is the alteration or dysfunction in
Public health is often described as having the population or community as its patient, in contrast to the individual-level focus of clinical medicine. The more focus on the community creates a natural foundation for team building between public health and anthropology. This becomes the primary focus on the study of people in groups, and especially in local communities. WHO(1948) defines Public health as the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through the organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals. Wolf (1994) defines anthropology as the study of humankind, past and present.
What are the sources of knowledge? If we take the example of part of science that is medicine, we can know that there are different source of knowledge such as personal experience of our won bodies, observation of others, our families, friends" you do look ill", popular culture, bad cough and complementary health practice such as "holistic medicine." Medical knowledge of the general practitioner, we expect the doctor to have access to expert knowledge. This is socially sanctioned "because he describes drugs and treatment to which patients would not other wise have access." Evidence from "X-ray" diagnosis, experiments, observations, instruments, add new knowledge to the patient and the doctor.
This motivates me to study and practice alternative medicine which has a different approach to healing than conventional medicine. Alternative medicine uses treatments such as herbalism, massage therapy, acupuncture, and exercise, in order to give the body a chance to heal itself. Alternative Medicine uses natural forms of treatment in order to aid the body to become successful in healing itself. Forms of Alternative Medicine can relieve pain, stress, prevent and treat illnesses and have the potential to heal and cure sicknesses and disease. I know that people are suffering and losing their lives to varies forms of diseases and cancers and many of them result to receiving conventional medical treatments but, find that the medications seem to be harsh to their bodies and too expensive.
One of the essential components is health seeking behaviour which is what people do when they get sick, for instances, going to clinics or quacks, treating at home with remedy, or with diet, or doing exercise, etc. Those practices are not universal and they depend on economic, gender, age, and many other socio-cultural factors. There is a tacit separation between ‘science’ and ‘culture’. Scientific knowledge has been influenced by complex social processes. Public health anthropology embraces a ‘factorial’ model of disease in which social and cultural factors are included.