Cuban Missile Crisis Research Paper

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After World War Two the United States and Soviet Union quickly became enemies due to different ideals. The Soviet Union supported communism while the United States supported capitalism and democracy. Communism was an economic system where the state owned all means of production, and goods and services were shared. Under communist rule free elections were prohibited and media was censored. The United States did not agree with this system of government. They strived for the world to have capitalist and democratic systems for government. Capitalism allowed private ownership and investment; and in a democratic state the people chose who represented them (Beck). The United States established a goal to contain communism and this policy was known as containment. Containment had specific principles including: supporting countries financially, using adroit and vigilant counter-force, and containment of Russian expansive tendencies including little communication (Kennan). The Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 tested these principles. Even though the United States had a major goal of containing communism during the Cold War, the actions of U.S. president John F. Kennedy during the Cuban Missile Crisis differed greatly in practice from the principles of containment.
By 1962 containment was not really working because the U.S. faced many problems with their foreign policy. Tensions ran high especially with Cuba and the Soviet Union. Some issues were: the placement of U.S. missiles in Turkey, tension with communist Cuba, and discrepancies in the policy of containment (Beck). The U.S. had made an agreement with Turkey to place Jupiter missiles in Turkey an allied country of the U.S. that shared a border with the Soviet Union. This action was preemp...

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