In One Minute to Midnight, Michael Dobbs examines Castro’s influence on the crisis and how he helped to hold the world hostage. From 1947-1991, the Cold War was a time in which there was protracted military, political, and economic tensions between the United States and its allies in the Western Bloc/NATO, and the Soviet Union and its allies in the Warsaw Pact. Although no direct military conflict ever erupted between the two sides, proxy wars were fought. The doctrine of mutually assured destruction, the manufacturing of large nuclear arsenals, military buildups and deployment, spying, and competitions like the Space Race also characterized the Cold War. With the battle lines drawn, it was only a matter of time before something like the Cuban Missile Crisis occurred.
The Cuban Missile Crisis Between 1959 and 1962 relations between USA and Cuba deteriorated. Up until 1959, America had kept General Batista in power over Cuba and had strong links, especially in trade. Castro’s ascent to power in 1959 triggered the short-term events contributing to the Cuban Missile Crisis. The main cause of the Cuban Missile Crisis was the cold relationship between the two great superpowers: America and Russia. This had been going on since the start of the 19th century and had worsened during the Cold War.
Print Kennedy, Robert F., and Arthur Meier Schlesinger. Thirteen Days: A Memoir of the Cuban Missile Crisis. Thorndike: G. K. Hall &, 2001. Print. MAY, ERNEST R., and PHILIP ZELIKOW.
History To understand the Cuban missile Crisis, the prior encounters with the Cubans and the Soviet Union in regard to America must be exposed. A conflict between the U.S. and the Soviet Union known as The Cold War was the first taste of bad blood between the two world superpowers. This conflict arose in 1919 upon the creation of The Comintern, “an international organization of Communist parties headquartered in Moscow whose stated purpose was to undermine capitalist societies from within.” The purpose of Comintern directly violated the U.S foreign policy goal of promoting regional stability and threatened our national security. U.S politicians naturally disagreed with the organization which led to “animosity and distrust between the west and the Soviet Union. From that point on, both nations were in a competition for power, control, and superiority in anything and everything.
Work Cited Ambrose, Stephen R. (1984) Eisenhower, Volume 2: The President New York: Simon and Schuster George, Alice. (2014) The Cuban Missile Crisis: The Threshold of Nuclear War Taylor and Francis Publishing. James, Nathan. (1992) The Heyday of the New Strategy: The Cuban Missile Crisis and the Confirmation of Coercive Diplomacy. Diplomacy and Statecraft Volume 3 Issue 2 pg.
(3) By the early twentieth century the United States was also concerned with Russia’s power. Although the United States tried to keep out of European disputes, American leaders were concerned about Russia becoming to powerful. They worried that if any nation became powerful enough to dominate the European continent, it would be a threat to the well being of the United States. (4) In the midst of World War I a new element was added to the European and American fear of Russia. In November of 1917 a radical Marxist called the Bolsheviks seized power in Russia overthrowing a democratic government.
World Affairs 171, no. 1 (2009): 99. http://go.galegroup.com.cyber.usask.ca/ps/i.do?action=interpret&id=GALE|A215410216&v=2.1&u=usaskmain&it=r&p=EAIM&sw=w&authCount=1 (accessed April 30, 2014). "The Cuban Missile Crisis, October 1962 – 1961” 1968 - Milestones - Office of the Historian. http://history.state.gov/milestones/1961-1968/cuban-missile-crisis (accessed April 30, 2014). Zegart, Amy B.. "The Cuban Missile Crisis as Intelligence Failure."