Unilateral Decision: The Naval Blockade on Cuba The naval blockade of Cuba was retaliation from John F Kennedy finding out about the Soviet Union creating secret nuclear missiles on Cuba. The time is October 22, 1962; the State of Union is not at peace. The United States and Soviet Union are in what is known as The Cold War, which lasted from 1945-91. The war leads to international crisis with alliances, naval battles and the Soviet Union, our biggest threat. The peace of the country was not existent at this time, because the naval blockade, which was implemented because John F. Kennedy found out that the Soviet Union were making missile and keeping them there on Cuban land (Crisp 1), is taking place nearly twenty years after the start of the Cold War.
The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world has ever been to a nuclear war which would have doomed the human race. For thirteen days the world was scared to death of what could happen. In a nutshell, the Soviet Union under leadership of Nikita Khrushchev tried to counter the lead of the United States in developing and deploying strategic missiles. The Soviet Union or USSR knew of the missiles the United States had set up in Turkey. (Garthoff) To gain first strike capabilities they reached an agreement with Cuba under the leadership of Fidel Castro set up missiles in Cuba.
RFK and Secretary of Defense, Robert McNamara, became the blockade's strongest advocates. They did not accept the idea of the U.S. raining bom... ... middle of paper ... ...roposed that if the U.S. removed its missiles from Turkey then Russia would remove its missiles from Cuba. Robert Kennedy wanted Soviet missiles and offensive weapons removed from Cuba under UN inspection. Later that same day, a U.S. U-2 was shot down over Cuba. Bombardment of Cuba was the initial reaction, but JFK calmed everyone down.
Once Castro became the new leader, U.S Ambassador Philip W. Bonsal protested Castro’s confiscation of American-owned property and Cuba’s failure “to recognize the legal rights of U.S citizens who have made investments in Cuba” (Brune 4). The American-Cuban tensions became even greater when the Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev supported Castro (4). In less than thirty months, after the Soviet-Cuban relation had begun, Cuba became communist and a base for the Soviets (4). The crisis would have not happened if Castro had not become the tyrant of Cuba. The crisis started when Castro tried to regulate commerce.
These events upset the United States and there were concerns about Castro becoming too powerful. And the United States President Eisenhower made a plan to overthrow Castro and his government. President Eisenhower met with CIA to make a plan for this invasion. And on March 1960, Eisenhower approved the program. The CIA gathered ... ... middle of paper ... ...had another reason to have hatred on US.
The Soviet Union’s fear of losing the race in the weapons department and Cuba’s fear of an invasion by the United States sparked those thirteen stress filled days. In 1960 the United States imposed an embargo that cut off trade between the United States and Cuba because it was afraid that Castro would establish a Communist regime. Castro was determined not to give in to the pressure that was put on by the United States and decided to establish closer relations with the Soviet Union. An attempt was made by the United States to disintegrate Castro’s rule with the Bay of Pigs Invasion. The United States was easily defeated by Castro’s army.
The Cuban Missile Crisis: Eyeball to Eyeball Eyeball to Eyeball: America, Cuba and The Soviet Union America and The Soviets again using other countries for their own warfare Excitement was high for Cuba, when Fidel Castro overthrew the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista in January 1959. With a heady mixture of nationalism and left - wing ideologies US became very cautious for its southern comrades Central and Southern America and perhaps herself. When Castro took over Cuba, the US lost valuable investments in the sugar and tobacco crops of Cuba. Fearing the spread of communism into Americas' backyard the US Government imposed a strict economic blockade hoping to starve Castro into US policies. In desperation Castro turned to the soviets for balance of powers to weigh up the balance of communism ideologies.
The Cuban Missile Crisis was one of the key events in the Cold War Neely bring us to the brink of thermonuclear war. With the failed Bay of Pigs invasion the Soviets wanted to bulk up Cuba’s defense to resist any further aggression so that they could have a Soviet satellite in the western hemisphere. (cmc article 257) The Soviets told the United States that they were giving Cuba defensive weapons to defend themselves against any further invasion but they also gave Cuba Offensive weapons that could strike into the heart of the United States. This greatly made the government concern about the Soviets and possible first strike capabilities against the United States rendering them unable to fire back. The Soviets were trying to strong arm the United States to limit its capabilities on striking them.
Soon enough president Kennedy had to talk to one of their leaders about what are they doing with the missiles and if they do not remove it there will be a war. The Cuban missile crisis happened during the Cold War between the United States of America and the Soviet Union. It was basically a waiting game to see who will make the first move. Evidence: On October 1962, a U.S. spy plane caught Soviet Union moving nuclear missiles into Cuba. After a week of careful discussion with his advisers, President Kennedy then forced a naval blockade which prevented materials from coming in but it did not work for soviets from operating the missiles that were already there.
“Fear swept over the country and the American citizens supported their president in planning action.” (Bender 330). President John F Kennedy warned the soviets “the gravest issues would arise” if they were to place nuclear weapons in Cuba. ”People all over the world feared this standoff would led to World War III and a nuclear disaster” (Littell 493). After carefully considering the alternatives of an immediate U.S. invasion of Cuba (or air strikes of the missile sites), a blockade of the island, President John F. Kennedy decided to place a naval “quarantine,” or blockade, on Cuba to prevent further Soviet shipments of missiles. President John F Kennedy also stated that missile strike launched from Cuba would be considered as an act of war by the Soviet Union.