The Totalitarian Regime of Cuba When Columbus came to Cuba in 1492, he and his predecessors would probably never have imagined of this island’s outcome within the centuries ahead. from conquering the country, to its independence, to the totalitarian regime put into it, all these major events have made the island what it is today. Before giving the whole story about the Communists, one must understand how the country was born so here’s a little bit of a background history: Spain had conquered Cuba in 1511 under Diego Velasquez. Frequent insurrections failed to end Spain’s harsh rule. From 1868 to 1878 occurred the Armed rebellion known as the Ten Year’s War, led by plantation owner Carlos Manuel de Cespedes, a co-author of Cuba’s declaration of independence.
Eventually, the United States’ intellectual strategies overpowered the Russians and Cubans, winning the war. All wars, nonetheless, come with their consequences. The penalty for Cuba was the Cuban Democracy Act, putting a blockade on the country from the United States. More than fifty years have pasted, and the writer’s question is why is this act still active. The Cuban Democracy’s Act failed in accomplishing its goals, and, thus, it is not necessary.
Inasmuch as all Cuban nationalists were angered by the extent of United States control over the Cuban economy, it was inevitable that the U.S. would clash with Cuban forces; a clash that has yet to subside itself after nearly forty years (Skidmore, 278). Bibliography: Work Sited Britannica, online encyclopedia http://www.britannica.com/bcom/eb/article/html CNN Newsmaker Profiles, http://www.cnn.com/resources/newsmakers/world/namerica/castro.html History of Cuba, http://history of cuba.com/history/time+b14.htm Latin America, Thomas E. Skidmore & Peter H. Smith, Oxford University Press, Inc New York p270-276
In 1961 the U.S. planned in invasion on Cuba, which was heavily influenced by communist dictator Fidel Castro, in hopes to stir an uprising against the dictator and to gain support for democracy. However, due to excessive media coverage of the "covert" plan, Castro was ready and responded quickly with a 20,000 man army, defeating the U.S. and forcing President John F. Kennedy (JFK) to withdraw American forces. The biggest setback of the invasion was the lack of support from the Cuban citizens. The U.S. had hoped, and quite frankly counted on, the uttermost support of Cuban rebels. When they did receive this support, their clumsy forces began to crumble as Cuban forces began to counterattack and push American forces back.
Castro’s successful guerilla operations laid the groundwork for dismantling the Batista regime, and gave the Cuban people a relief from the repressive tactics used by the dictator. Historically, most revolutions take the path of using violence in order to achieve a new order of government. With Batista gone, members of the “middle class, workers, peasants, foreign investors, the U.S. embassy, and other observes” wondered “What kind of revolution would this be?” (Skidmore, Smith, & Green, 2010). Castro sough... ... middle of paper ... ...e prime example of what socialism is capable of, and what the desires of larger and more developed countries can cause for countries that wish to remain independent. Castro’s revolution set aside the typical idea of a revolution by focusing on social issues that riddle the country with instability stagnant growth, but placed confidence in the Soviet Union for economic support, contradicting the national need for political independence.
Cuban politics has long been defined by foreign relations. One of the charges of the revolutionary leaders Fidel Castro and Che Guevara against Fulgencio Batista was his support from the United States of America. Batista was part of a military coup in 1933, and became President himself by election in 1940. His party lost the next election in 1944 after which he lived in the U.S., gaining allies. On his return to Cuba in 1952 he led a second coup to end an election which he was losing.
The United States felt threatened about Cuban being 90 miles from florida spifly during Cuban Missile Crisis . So, many United states presidents tried to kicked Fidel Castro but failed multiple times.First, even though Fulgencio Batista starred in beginning as leader that benefited Cuban people, over time he became corrupted leader that lead to his downfall. “In September 1933 he organized the “sergeants’ revolt”; it toppled the provisional regime of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, which had replaced the dictatorial regime of Gerardo Machado y Morales” (The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica 1).”Carlos Prío Socarrás in March 1952, was widely welcomed. But he returned as a brutal dictator, controlling the university, the press, and the Congress, and he embezzled huge sums from the soaring economy. In 1954 and ’58 the country held presidential elections that, though purportedly “free,” were manipulated to make Batista the sole candidate”(The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica 1).“Faced with the collapse of his regime and with the growing discontent of his supporters, Batista fled with his family to the Dominican Republic on January 1, 1959”(The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica 1).Bastia ruled totalitarian rule, jailing anyone against him, using terrorist methods, and getting cash for him and his friends(The Editors ... ... middle of paper ... ... 2014. .
The U.S. had to have some sort of control and a permanent existence after withdrawing their military from Cuba. The Cubans feel that this amendment has made it possible for the U.S. to cause trouble or intervene anytime they want. The majority of the problems in U.S. relations with ... ... middle of paper ... ...to destroy sugar mills, sugar and tobacco plantations, farm machinery, mines, oil refineries, lumber yards, water systems, ware houses, and chemical plants. Communications facilities were attacked; railroad bridges were destroyed and trains derailed (Perez 252). Along with the above mention things, the U.S. disrupted trade with Europe and outright requested that Europe not trade with Cuba.
They regarded the presence of the Maine at Havana as a menace to Spanish sovereignty in the island and as an encouragement to the insurgents. A powerful American fleet lay at Key West and the Dry Tortugas, with steam up ready to follow the Maine to the harbor of Havana at a few hours' notice. All this was intensely hateful to the Spaniards, and particularly to the Army officers at Havana who had sympathized with General Weyler's policy and who justly regarded General Weyler's recall to Spain as due to the demand of President McKinley. The American pretense that the Maine was making a visit of courtesy seemed to these Spaniards a further example of Anglo-Saxon hypocrisy. That this intense bitterness against the presence of the Maine was felt among the military and official class in Havana was perfectly well known to Captain Sigsbee, his staff, and all his crew; and they were not unaware of the rumors and threats that means would be found to destroy the American ship.
One of the purposes of the embargo was to turn Cuba into a democratic country and to fight for human rights. Nothing has changed and now Cuba is blaming the U.S. for its chronic starvation and economic devastation. The U.S has had relations with Cuba since the Spanish-American war in 1898. Since Spain was defeated by the Americans, Spain signed the rights to its territories including Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Guam over to the U.S. It granted Cuba its own independence with the stipulation that the US could intervene in the country’s affairs if necessary.