Cryptosporidium Essay

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Cryptosporidium infection is an illness caused by tiny cryptosporidium parasites. When the body is infected by these parasites they travel to the intestines. The main symptom of this infection is watery diarrhea. Other symptoms include abdominal cramps, fever, nausea, vomiting, dehydration, headache and loss of appetite. In immune-competent people, it is a self-limited illness and could last about week or two while with immune-compromised people, the infection can be life threating and fatal. In the spring of 1993, there was a massive widespread outbreak of acute watery diarrhea among the residents of Milwaukee. The results of the case presented indicate that this massive outbreak of watery diarrhea was caused by cryptosporidium oocysts that passed through the filtration system of one of the city's two water-treatment plants of Milwaukee Water Works (MWW). It was estimated that more than 400,000 people were affected during this outbreak. Milwaukee Department of Health reported numerous cases of gastrointestinal illness that resulted in absenteeism among employees and students of that area. Laboratory testing for 739 people’s stool samples identified cryptosporidium oocysts. Randomly selected people, who were identified as having clinical cryptosporidium infection, were contacted to conduct a telephone survey. Laboratory-confirmed cases of cryptosporidium infection compared to those who had clinical characteristics with cryptosporidiosis had significantly longer duration of diarrhea and more frequent bowl movements, vomiting, fever, and fatigue. Both groups had similar epidemiologic features and dates supporting the hypothesis stated in this study that the group who was interviewed through the phone survey had clinical cryptospori... ... middle of paper ... ...he affected areas. The federal assistance is deployed only when it is needed making sure that primary role is for the Wisconsin State Department of Health and Milwaukee Department of Health. • Oil and Hazardous Materials Response (ESF #10): includes actions to prevent, minimize, or mitigate mainly the release of hazardous materials. In this case, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will coordinate with the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources to assess and detect the level of contamination in the water treated by the two plants of the MWW. Testing conducted will make sure the quality of water it is within the limits set by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. Despite the fact the goal of the EPA is to protect the environment, citizens comes first. The Milwaukee Department of Health will make sure that health of its residents comes first.

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