These areas include Somalia, southern Ethiopia, and northern Kenya. People occupations, social structure, and individual daily life before the drought : Living standards before the drought were poor. Since 1984 at least sixty major food crisis occurred in E... ... middle of paper ... ...years ago and this statistic shows more people are living past the age of two, but are still in terrible conditions (Pflanz, 2011). Somali Dadaab has the worlds largest refugee camp in the world, and many are trying to move out of the location because there is no room for them (Stewart, 2011). Drought left hardship for all three regions and the impact is large-scale.
Animals have to wander around to find food to eat and water to drink, and they eventually die if drought lasts for a long period. The strong wind blows the topsoil that is very fertile away and this makes it harder to grow crops in the future. With no crops for food, people have to go get food from somewhere else, otherwise they would starve and die. Moreover, in poorer countries like Africa, drought brings disease, famine, and deaths. Famine often comes about when there is a long period of drought.
The drought caused a lot of unfavorable conditions for farmers in the southwest. In Worster’s book he says “Few of us want to live in the region now. There is too much wind, dirt, flatness, space, barbed wire, drought, uncertainty, hard work…” (Worster 105). The droughts caused many unfavorable condition throughout the Oklahoma and Texas panhandles and neighboring sections of Kansas, Colorado, and New Mexico. Thus, roughly one-third of Texas and Oklahoman farmers left their homes and headed to California in search of migrant work.
“The majority of the Irish peasants did not have access to the type of land or amount of land required for wheat (grain) production, and thus the potato became the crucial staple crop” (Braa 200). When the blight struck, the Irish people lost this source of food and had nothing else to turn to. For this reason, the people starved to death. Some people were so hungry that “they ate dogs and rats, often dogs and rats that had already eaten human corpses” (Leo, 16). The Irish people had no other knowledge of farming other crops because they had become so use to growing potatoes.
People are now malnourished since they decide to take food that they were going to eat and feed the cattle and goats with it. Some who can’t even afford their own food eventually take grass from their roofs to feed the cows this then leaves the people living in adequate shelter. Review of article 2 “Horn of Africa sees 'worst drought in 60 years”. Drought is one of the natural disaster that develop slowly one might not even notice. Droughts tend to last a long time.
The farmers were careless in their planting of the crop, caring only about profit, and they started plowing grasslands that were not made for planting. Because of their constant plowing year after year and the lack of rainfall, the soil was quickly losing its fertility. With unfertile, dry land, the wheat crop started dying, and then blowing away with wind. Due to the improper farming, along with a long drought, dust storms made life in the Dust Bowl very burdensome. During the 1930's, the Great Plains was plagued with a drought, a long period of dryness, which brought demise to many of the farmers in the region.
Many Families raised most of their own food, such as eggs from chickens, milk and meat from cows a... ... middle of paper ... ...sion, the government wouldn't have made all these decisions, because they were Laissez Faire. The urban life attracted many people from the rural areas that lost their farms. Many people could no longer pay rent and house payments, they ended up moving out of their homes and were now living on the streets. The rural life after a while dryness and heat destroyed crops. The states that were hit the worse were nicknamed “Okies” and “Arkies”.
As time passed, other economies grew, while the agriculture economy diminished by half in just 50 years and was overtaken by the manufacturing industry. (Doc G) Farmers struggled for success and support, but instead received very little of either. According to the Agricultural Department, the summer of 1894 brought many hardships to the crops nationwide. Crops in South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Minnesota all were damaged by droughts, while New Jersey crops suffered from an abundance of rain. Temperatures and insect also devastated the crops.
Prior to the drought the farmers would let the herders use the land for grazing. As a result of the drought, there was less land for grazing and farming creating great tension and competition between the farmers and herders. As the drought worsened, the African farmers stopped sharing the land with the Arab herders. The Arab herders suffered immensely. Some Arab herders tried to farm land themselves, but without the proper tool or knowledge, most were not successful.
Also, deforestation reduces the critical water cycling services provided by trees. Source 2: http://rainforests.mongabay.com/0804.htm Some people that use land for survival cause two thirds of the world’s deforestation. First, they cut down the trees and burn the rest of it to put the trees’ nutrients int the ground. Then, they plant their crops, but because soil is not fertile for a long time, the land dies. Now it can only be used for cattle grazing, but if the cattle eats all the grass without letting it grow back, the now non fertile farmland is barren dirt.