Nothing in this world is perfect because it is impossible to create perfection. According to Plato's Theory of Forms, perfection cannot exist in the physical world but only the realm of the philosophers; the ones who choose to lurk deeper in the veiled mysteries of metaphysics. According to Plato, his Theory of Forms states perfection only lives in the realm of thought. There only exists one of every ideal and the rest is just a copy. This one creation is called a form, the most flawless representation of an idea.
My thoughts do not take up space, do not have a mass, and cannot be divided, unlike matter. Descartes concludes that mind and body are two distinct things, as the mind could exist without a body, and a body without a mind. Even if my body were to be only a product of my senses alone, I know for a fact that my mind, or soul, must exist in this universe. This leads to Descartes’s belief that he must exist. Because he has the ability to think he exists, that proves he has something of existence in at least the non-physical world.
Plato believed that there exists an immaterial Universe of `forms', perfect aspects of everyday things such as a table, bird, and ideas/emotions, joy, action, etc. The objects and ideas in our material world are `shadows' of the forms In the Theory of eternal forms Plato makes a distinction between objects that are real and concepts that exist in our minds. He believed that, as well as the material world in which we live and which we experience, there is also another, eternal world of concepts or forms. This eternal world is more the real than the world we experience through the senses, and is the object of knowledge, not opinion. In the Allegory of the Cave, Plato portrays education as the process of leaving the cave into the sunlight.
Plato’s notion of the Forms vs. the physical realm is quite and interesting topic. I believe something very similar to what Plato thinks about the Forms and our physical reality. Plato says that there is nothing that is perfect in this reality that we live in. And the Forms are the perfect ideals or thoughts that we are striving to achieve throughout our lives. Plato says it is impossible to reach the Forms in our current reality and that it is only possible to achieve perfect knowledge and truth after our soul leaves our body and goes to the next realm where we can become or attain the Forms.
Aristotle’s beliefs lead to him seeing only one level of reality. He felt there was only one imminent world and that forms existed within particular things. Aristotle held that form had no separate existence and existed i... ... middle of paper ... ... by reason. Example: beautiful things vs. beauty. What is real is the totality of Forms and these Forms account for whatever stability and intelligibility the world of illusory sense experience may possess.
They thought that life ended after death, with no afterlife or god to fear. Stoics on the contrary were indifferent to all types of pleasure, often putting themselves in danger for their beliefs. Stoics lived according to nature claiming that it was in conformity with the divine order of the universe. Epicurean philosophy defined the time in which it was created, where life was thought only to be full of pleasure without any fear punishment in any life after death, while Stoic philosophy went against the normal desires of humans to seek pleasure.
He believes that the body contributes to cognition only by the senses, only in which "seeing and hearing are neither precise nor clear" (Plato, 65b). Thus, senses are fallible and all true knowledge comes by way of reason and rationale. The other approach to obtaining knowledge of the soul, challenged by Aristotle in De Anima, holds that there is nothing in the intellect which is not learned from experience. He believes that the world can ... ... middle of paper ... ... his lecture genre his not appealing, it is very convincing. He states the facts in a concise and in an organization unparalleled by Plato.
Although Plato was uncertain of the nature of the forms, he was certain of what they are not. According to Plato, forms are not observable by senses and they are unchangeable. He also describes forms as the fundamental reality, and says that they are eternal (Kraut PDF 41). As he continued to
Knowledge is defined as being infallible and therefore cannot be defined by perception, which focuses on subjective appearances, not truth of what is. Perceptions vary from man to man and one perception cannot be deemed superior or wiser to another man’s perception because each man’s perception is his subjective “truth”. Therefore, perception is not knowledge. Knowledge is also defined by Plato as not being judgement. In Theaetetus it is revealed that knowledge of tangible objects is impossible and that “true” or real knowledge must be universal and unshakable.
If there is only Being it must be indestructible, uncreated, and eternal. If one agrees that Being is , then there can’t be any place where being is not. According Parmenides’ purely logical view, all perception of vacuous space is an illusion. 	Plato tried to solve this dilemma of ontology with his theory of the forms. "You have before your mind these two orders of things, the visible and the intelligible,"3 he says, which can be compared to opinion and knowledge respectively.