A complete KWL chart can help students reflect and evaluate their learning experience as well as serve as a useful assessment tool for teachers. This approach emphasizes the student's prior knowledge. The strategy demonstrates the theory of constructivism, because the constructivist pedagogy proposes that new knowledge is constructed from old. It holds the educational belief that as teachers, it's essential that we make connections between what new is being presented with students' prior experiences. K-W-L charts can be used to develop discourse and shared understandings since they record what is know... ... middle of paper ... ...students will also be able to evaluate information in order to determine what is important as well as develop students’ knowledge of textual structures and their general textual intelligence (Huffman).
My Philosophy of Education My philosophy of education and my personal goals and theories about how students are empowered through their educational experience revolve around the student-centered, interactive approach to instruction and learning. My goal as an educator is to create a learner-focused environment that promotes the basic literacy skills - reading, writing, listening, speaking and thinking. Children are readers, writers, and thinkers who need language to question and understand. They become members of literate communities using language in real ways for real purposes. Through my own classroom research, I have learned to listen to children, to observe the multitude of ways in which they learn, and to examine the elements that encourage their growth.
As a teacher, o... ... middle of paper ... ...is created. It is important for educators to provide students with the keys to success. The curriculum is simply a strategy to facilitate the knowledge that will lead to success. It should provide the students with a broad foundation of skills and knowledge that will guide them throughout their lives. The language arts curriculum should be centered on text and subjects that encourage students to think and make informed decisions.
These programs although designed by the teacher should take into consideration interests of the students. This increase engagement and quality of learning according to Cambourne. Literacy programs should follow the six principles for teaching reading and writing. In summary these principles outline how beliefs about literacy are culturally and socially constructed, that literacy is best learnt through inquiry, that learners use their background knowledge and cultural understandings to make sense of texts and that literacy practices need to be able relevant to the real world. Children naturally want to learn how to read and write.
One way to pass on specific reading skills is through guided reading groups. This learning activity gives students the opportunity to develop their comprehension, reading fluency, and word recognition, while also providing an effective method of differentiating the curriculum to suit various student reading abilities (Bayetto, 2013). Guided reading programs are not only useful for improving students’ reading abilities, but will also provide useful data for teachers when planning class programs. It needs to be emphasised that running effective guided reading groups is a complex process which requires strong teacher scaffolding and prior knowledge and consideration of students’ abilities (Department for Education and Child Development (DECD),
Basic Concept of Reading Dadzie (2008 cited in Owusu & Acheaw, 2014) states reading is the ability to understand words that help students’ knowledge growth and develop. In addition, Weaver (2009) states that reading is a process to determine students’ brain, emotion and belief bring to get knowledge or information. From both of statements, it can be assumed that reading is an activity to understand text that determines students’ ability, intelligence to get or gain information of what they read. Likewise, following Cline, Johansen & King (2006) reading is decoding and understanding written texts. Decoding means how the students translate the text in order to understand the information from text.
Teachers also need to be aware that there has to be progress, and that certain students learn differently. When using emerging literacy into my model I need to find out what the student’s background knowledge is on reading, print, and what they want to read about. This helps them stay engaged and constantly gives them opportunity to grow and challenge themselves at their appropriate literacy level. Both reading readiness, and emergent literacy go hand in hand and provide a wide array of scaffolding within the scaffolding and building of the interactive reading model.
Reading as one of the English skill is very important in the teaching learning process because reading can help students their understanding through texts. Teaching reading does not only relate to reading the text but also to comprehending the content of the text. In academic context students need to comprehend and deal with all reading aspects and difficulties. Reading comprehension is not just a receptive process, it implies a complex process in which the readers identify basic information and are able to predict, to infer, to argue and to recognize writers‟ points of view. According to Partnership (2005) reading comprehension is about understanding a text which is read through the process of constructing meaning from a text.
Even so, I do believe that open-ended questions can be very beneficial as an aid to learning if they are asked properly. Research Question How does the use of questioning strategies in a whole class setting improve student understanding of conic sections? Literature Review There are many different types of questions. The questioning strategy the teacher adopts will depend on the subject, topic, student comprehension and foreknowledge, and the goal of the lesson. The teacher’s questioning strategy can help students obtain understanding and see connections as they work toward solutions to problems.
3. What is the importance of using the QAR strategy? 4. What research has been done to prove the effectiveness of the QAR teaching strategy on reading comprehension? The QAR strategy was developed by Taffy Raphael as a means to clarify how students should approach the task of reading the text and answering questions based on it.