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Critical Discourse Analysis: Critical Theory And Theoctivist Theory

analytical Essay
933 words
933 words
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PERSONAL STANCE AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK The acts of evaluating and critiquing political documents and identifying the ideological elements of discourses are intrinsically linked to the critic's personal stance and values, even if measures are taken to ensure a minimum level of objectivity. Though later sections of this methodology chapter will describe the methods used to ensure that this research meets the highest possible level of objectivity, it seems relevant to use a portion of the chapter to address the study's more subjective elements. This brief section will describe my personal standpoint as a researcher and relate it to the project's theoretical framework. The social constructivist theory advanced by Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann frames my interest in using the GNDs as examples of the social practices involved in the groups' construction of their discourses, including the ways they collectively interpret, represent, and ultimately construct reality.1 This approach understands …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that evaluating political documents and identifying ideological elements of discourses are intrinsically linked to the critic's personal stance and values.
  • Analyzes how the social constructivist theory advanced by peter berger and thomas luckmann frames my interest in using the gnd texts as historical examples of political programmes, reflecting and challenging the dominant paradigms of their social context.
  • Explains that the theory of social constructivism is foundational to the study's conception of change and their engagement as a researcher.
  • Describes the theoretical foundations of the main approach, critical discourse analysis (cda), including examples connecting its key concepts to the gnd documents.
  • Explains that cda is a group of essentially qualitative approaches to discursive analysis which regard ideology, power, hierarchy, and gender together with sociological variables as relevant for an interpretation or explanation of text.
  • Analyzes how different variants of cda fit within the social constructivist framework, conceiving of language as a means of social construction, which shapes and is shaped by society.

Details of the study's application of this approach will be discussed at the end of the chapter. Before describing the CDA approach, it would be useful to define what is meant by the term “discourse.” This study may use the term discourse in two different ways, depending on its context. When 'discourse' functions an “abstract noun,” it indicates the general use of language as a social practice, as a “count noun,” it signifies “diverse representations of social life which are inherently positioned [because] differently positioned social actors 'see' and represent social life in different ways.”3 This is why this study describes the GND texts, various documents representing the understandings and beliefs of different contributors, etc. as being examples of different

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