Critical And Critical Thinking Analysis

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Critical and creative thinking defined. It appears to me there is a lot of debate or misunderstanding in terms of how to articulate a clear definition of critical and creative thinking. It seems the definition is conceptualized differently depending on the discipline it is being viewed in. If we look at the Webster’s dictionary definitions: Creative means: • having or showing an ability to make new things or think of new ideas • using the ability to make or think of new things : involving the process by which new ideas, stories, etc., are created Critical means: • expressing criticism or disapproval • of or relating to the judgments of critics about books, movies, art, etc. • using or involving careful judgment about the good and bad parts of something. It is evident that critical and creative thinking is a product of thought. With Webster’s definitions in mind, creative thinking is the process and critical is the assessment of thought. Critical thinking is active and careful consideration of knowledge based on evidence while creative thinking is the generation of new ideas. Higher level thought requires one to perform both creative and critical thinking in concert. How are critical and creative thinking different? Creative and critical thinking differ in many ways. According to Dr. Robert Fisher, a researcher and writer on teaching, thinking and creativity, conceptualized creative and critical thinking with the following table. Critical Thinking Creative Thinking analytic generative convergent divergent vertical lateral probability possibility judgment suspended judgment hypothesis testing hypothesis forming objective subjective answer an answer left brain right brain closed open-ended linear associative reasoning specu... ... middle of paper ... ... (survival of the fittest). If enough of those adaptations were accumulated, a new species could arise. Once Darwin developed his theory, he moved into the critical thinking by studying evolutionary theories of other scientist and philosophers such as Robert Chambers, Erasmus and even Aristotle. He also conducted a multitude of experiments to test his theory. Lastly, he tested out his theory of evolution on friends like zoologist Thomas Henry Huxley. After twenty years of work, he finally published his paper, On the Origins of Species. Darwin clearly challenged assumptions and prior knowledge. He took new perceptions of things and did not take them at face value. He created a new frame of reference and re-examined the existence of information. I believe this is a clear example of creative and critical thinking working in concert to solve a complex problem.
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