Thus, the only time a person can be sure he is right is if he is constantly open to differing opinions; there must be a standing invitation to try to disprove his beliefs. Second, there is the criticism that governments have a duty to uphold certain beliefs that are important to the well being of society. Only "bad" men would try to undermine these beliefs. Mill replies that this argument still relies on an assumption of i... ... middle of paper ... ...s beliefs are not reflected in their conduct. As a result, people do not truly understand the doctrines they hold dear, and their misunderstanding leads to serious mistakes.
Not so for K-12 teachers” (Gutting). Although this may seem true at fir... ... middle of paper ... ...nking this criticism to poor teaching performance, Gutting neglects to pay attention to data that cast doubt on the correlation’s significance and magnitude. He then attempts to use this association to justify reforming the educational system, yet abstains from actually describing any practical elements of this revamp. While some of the points he makes pose valid concerns, the way in which he presents his views is neither empirically sound nor logically consistent. If he—or anyone—feels the need to make blanket statements criticizing a particular occupation, those critiques must be airtight and constructive before presentation, else the message may get lost and people could become offended by what they feel are false accusations.
This theory maintains that we must doubt every single one of our empirical beliefs, as they are from our perceptions like our material body. We doubt them because they are seen from the lens of our own prejudices. For example, just as our senses can deceive us, or our dreams seem real, our experiences can also deceive us. Therefore, we cannot with certainty say that anything is true, and we have no knowledge and we live in the unknown. However, Skepticism is contrary to one of the most basic of human instincts: the fear of the unknown.
He once stated “An unexamined life is not worth living”, these words can be harsh, especially to his students. This quote can have multiple meanings; it depends on how the reader thinks. Even though it is popular, this quote is evil; it does not motivate and deserves to be erased. Socrates’s quote may exist today, but it has no impact on society. Only a good listener or reader would know that his quote is not worth knowing.
Nobody wanted to hear that because that would mean having to go against the norm. Although, Socrates felt that if they stayed in their comfort zone they would be doing themselves a great disservice. Just because an individual was taught something that should not mean that he or she should just accept it. He or she should find their own reasons to validate their beliefs. It should not be a crime to question things because learning means finding y... ... middle of paper ... ...le, Jesus Christ irritated people with the amount of problems he was able to solve.
As David Hume said, “It is impossible to know everything so we need to concentrate on what we know.” A decision not to decide but to leave the question open is in itself a decision and this will lead to the risk of losing truth. Metacognition. Skepticism also plays a big role in this life long argument. As Jostein Gaarder said in SOPHIE’S WORLD, “…man cannot know the truth about the riddles of nature and of the universe. In philosophy a view like this is called skepticism.” People tend to be skeptical, where knowledge is uncertain.
Think back to when you... ... middle of paper ... ...ys work out. The point is in the education system out approach is very wrong. All we do is fill the minds of our youth with knowledge, crystallized intelligence they know facts but have no real skills. While the children who are adept in fluid intelligence are condemned to social failure because they are better at impulsive or preplanned problem solving rather than being adept in factual knowledge. We will nit experience true education because we have no hands on experience and we are not being inspired to be something bigger better and greater.
The number one problem associated with self deception is that it has the capability of creating moral dilemmas, such that people use it as a "prophylactic against leaning from experience," according to Dalrymple. Because one knowingly deceives oneself into believing something even in the face of strong evidence to the contrary. The main driver of self deception is self interest. Due to our concern for our own well being we choose to believe and hold certain beliefs. Dalrymples argument is that by refraining from making judgements we are refusing to evaluating what is acceptable in a society and we let certain behaviors such as crime and brutality to flourish.
Since such arbitrary factors influence and individual’s reasoning it should not be thought that the human judgement is not trustworthy. Therefore, a human’s rationality lies within the trustworthiness of the judgement and since it cannot be trusted humans are irrational. While the thought that humans ought to be able to recognize this shortcoming exists, it does not matter because the individual functions on a dysfunctional system. This idea is known as the shoddy software hypothesis, which focuses on the idea that the average mind works with certain heuristics, but not with others. The mind functions in a certain way to produce rational decisions, however it is extremely limited with this hypothesis.
The problem comes about when we are confronted with facts or situations that force us to question our beliefs. It can be very difficult to modify our belief system and much easier to modify the facts or situations to meet the expectations of our beliefs. We sometimes ignore the issue, to explain it in a different way, or destroy the source of the issue. Religious beliefs and reason are not enough to prevail over estrangement, but they do help to make it easier to be better understood. Reason helps us to learn facts, but th... ... middle of paper ... ...r knows the feeling of affection due to the lack of not being held, they are more likely to be estranged from the emotions of affection.