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Criminology Theories

explanatory Essay
1202 words
1202 words
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In more recent years, criminological theories have appeared in several variations from biological, psychological, and sociological perspectives. For the most part, criminologists have devised explanations to describe the nature of crimes, what causes an individual to adopt criminal behavior, and the reasons why some people in poor neighborhoods do not subscribe to criminal behaviors. Also, there are other factors which come into play to explain why criminal behavior occurs at an all-time high. Some of the factors that relate to crime are social groups, lack of educational opportunities, and of financial resources. The combination of the factors listed motivate criminal behavior among young people and adults. However, criminologists have created various explanations to gain a deeper comprehension of why criminal activities occur. There is an extensive amount of theories available to scholars to describe criminal behavior in an effort to identify the earliest phase of criminology in an individual. The …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that criminologists have devised explanations to describe the nature of crimes, what causes an individual to adopt criminal behavior, and the reasons why some people in poor neighborhoods do not subscribe to criminal behaviors.
  • Explains that without research, crime theories would have no proof of validity. they must be testable with objective evidence.
  • Explains that research is important in describing the effects of reckless behavior within criminals, and the importance of physical evidence in correlation to criminal cases.
  • Explains that the 1960s ushered in a wave of federally funded programs in an attempt to reduce overall levels of crime.
  • Explains that federally funded programs stimulate responsibility and motivation within students which overall reduces the incidents of crime.

One of the biggest claims surrounding the program is that through preventive efforts delinquent behavior reduces in adolescents for the near future. Upward Bound has statistical finding show an increase in the enrollment rate for students who participated in the crime. There was a positive impact upon students who applied for the program, did not expect to earn bachelor’s degrees. Not to mention, each additional year a student participates in an Upward Bound program; nine percentage point increase occurs in attendance at postsecondary institutions. Doubling the percentage of attendance to four year institutions from 18 percent to 38, illustrating the student’s commitment to the program. Hence, student how a strong correlation to reaching the standards of Upward Bound and to implement the motivating factors within their daily

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