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Criminal Profiling

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The process of inferring the personality characteristics of individuals responsible for committing criminal acts has commonly been referred to as criminal profiling. (Turvey) Criminal profiling can also be referred to as, behavioral profiling because when a profiler creates a profile they refer to the behavior of the offender. The general term criminal profiling can also be referred to as crime scene profiling, criminal personality profiling, offender profiling, psychological profiling and criminal investigative analysis. All the terms listed above are used inconsistently and interchangeably. Modern criminal profiling is owing to a diverse history grounded in the study of criminal behavior (criminology), the study of mental illness (psychology and psychiatry), and the examination of physical evidence (the forensic sciences). (Turvey) There are four very important elements that contribute to the making of a criminal profile. These elements are victimology, wound pattern analysis, crime scene characteristics and criminology. Victimology is the study of victims. The profilers ask themselves questions such as, “Why this person?” and “Was the victim related to their killer or attacker?” Wound pattern analysis is the study of the way the wounds on the victim were made. Crime scene characteristics help to the making of a profile by showing profilers what exactly went on during the crime. Criminology is the study of the crime, criminals and criminal behaviors.

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Although these elements are extremely important there are other elements to criminal profiling that help build the profile.

Victimology requires the investigator to create a profile of the victim, which in turn can give clues as to the identity of the cri...

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...ems that could be wrong with the criminal. All in all, these elements in criminal profiling have helped it become what it is today.

Works Cited

Turvey, Brent. Criminal Profiling: An Introduction to Behavioral

Evidence Analysis. 2nd. Oxford, UK: Elsevier Academic Press,

2002. Print.

Patterson, Randy. Personal Interview. 20 January 2010.

Black, Ken. "What is Criminology." Wise Geek. Wise Geek, 2010.

Web. 18 May 2010. .

Douglas, John. "Criminal Profiling from Crime Scene Analysis."

Criminal Profiling from Crime Scene Analysis (1986): 22. Web. 18 May 2010. http://www.ravenndragon.net/montgomery/crimprofiling.pdf

DegreeDirectory.org, . "What is Criminology?." DegreeDirectory.org.

DegreeDirectory,org, 2010. Web. 18 May 2010.
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