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Criminal Justice System

The United States Criminal Justice System
The United States criminal justice system has been around since the 1900s. Our criminal justice system is separated into many different sectors. Since it is separated into so many different sectors is why it is so different from other in other countries. The criminal justice system was formed to protect and serve the Americas, but it has changed in many ways since it was first created for the better. The criminal justice system is an organization that consists of the federal, state, and local public organizations that deal with the crime problems around the United States. These three organizations process suspects, defendants, and convicted offenders (Correctional Officers, 2017). The decisions of
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The legislature's job is to define the crimes, fix sentences, and provides funding. The judiciary is the next big part of the criminal justice system. The judiciary systems job is to make judgments and pronounce what a person is or is not charged with for doing or for not doing a crime. There is also an appellate court within this. Their job is to make decisions and decide whether the judgments made are within the boundaries of state law, federal law, and the United States Constitution. They also get what is called a judicial review. This gives the courts the right to judge the legislative acts to see if they conform to the Constitution. If a law does not go correctly with the Constitution, an appellate court may not agree.
The next part would be the executive power. The executive power is given to the president, governors, and mayors. They do have the power to appoint judges and the heads of the agencies. Those people they can appoint are the police chiefs and directors of departments of corrections. The elected officials can also help improve the criminal justice system by giving legislative agendas and moving along the public
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It is essentially a process that involves many different steps. It starts with a criminal investigation and it ends with the release of the offender from correctional supervision. In between those two things though, is a lot of rules, laws, and decision making. The steps that there are in order are investigation, arrest, prosecution, indictment, arraignment, pretrial detention, plea bargaining, trail, sentencing, appeals, and punishment. Investigation of a crime is done by the law enforcement. The purpose of this criminal investigation is to find evidence so that a suspect can be identified and to support the arrest of the subject. The next step would be the arrest of a suspect done by the law enforcement. This involves taking a person into custody. Then comes the prosecution of the defendant by an attorney. This is to decide whether it is plausible to charge a person with a crime or not. Under the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, next would be the indictment. This is required when prosecuting any offense. The 5th step is arraignment which is done by a judge. This takes place before the trial. It is where the defendant comes into court and enters a plea. Next bail is set. Then plea bargaining begins. In this case the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for a sentence reduction. Then sentencing by a judge
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