In every country there is a need to shield, guard and protect people and their properties. The creation of laws is an indispensable form of protection and the establishment of a system to apply and to enforce these laws, is imperative. In this work I will be looking at the Procedures in the Criminal Justice System in the UK. As it is outlined in the Aims and Objectives section of the Criminal Justice System online, “The purpose of the Criminal Justice System (CJS) is to deliver justice for all, by convicting and punishing the guilty and helping them to stop offending, while protecting the innocent. It is responsible for detecting crime and bringing it to justice; and carrying out the orders of court, such as collecting fines, and supervising community and custodial punishment”.
In order for crime prevention and its correlating models to be effective, it’s important to understand the extent of its impact across different locations and contexts. Also the outcome of each approach may differentiate depending on the location, crime and offender, so inturn the effective mechanisms must be identified to be successful in preventing that crime (Lab 2010). Crime prevention is therefore the most important key in the NSW Police Force as it helps to alleviate crimes which are essential to policing tasks and also help the police obtain the knowledge
In the article excellence in problem-oriented policing it stated “researchers and practitioners have focused on the evaluation of problems, the importance of solid analysis, the development of pragmatic responses, and the need to strategically engage other resources (Goldstein, 2001, Pg. 3).” The problem-oriented policing have been among discussions regarding the way they respond to crimes and techniques to prevent it. Lastly, the order maintenance model focus more on the nature issues such as vandalism or any types of drug dealing. Their main goal is to reduce crime and maintain order in the community. This is the police who might use aggressive force on serious crimes.
The most broadly accepted definition for restorative justice, however, is a process whereby all the parties that have a stake in a specific offence collectively resolve on how to deal with the aftermath. This process is largely focused around reparation, reintegration and participation of victims. That is to say, it is a victim-centred approach to criminal justice, and it perceives crime differently than the adversarial system of justice. This approach has introduced a criminal justice policy agenda. In the past, victims to criminal activities have been outsiders to the criminal conflict.
The criminal justice process is a very intrinsic system. The procedures that are followed are different for state and federal cases. It is made up of checks and balances that ensures everyone due process while they are dealing with the system. This paper will discuss federal case procedure, the protections that are given under the constitution, the chronological process from arrest to appeal, as well as future changes to improve the process. Wright states “criminal procedure's roots are found in the Bill of Rights, which addresses fundamental principles such as protection against unreasonable search and seizure, double jeopardy, self-incrimination, excessive bail, the right to a jury trial, effective counsel, and confrontation of witnesses” (2013).
All in all, criminal justice research has a strong, positive impact on how law enforcement agencies can fight crime and in turn, help reduce the use of financial means, other and provide guidance in doing the job in a correct manner. Furthermore, Garrison explains, “research conducted in regards to implementing criminal justice policy must guide the moral and ethical standards of the criminal justice system and field” (2009). In research, a theory may be used to understand and find reasons why something occurs and how it negatively and positively impacts society. Research plays an important role in finding out ways that can be more effective and productive regarding certain types of crimes. In fact, most of the information gathered by crime reporting agencies such as the National Crime Victimization Survey is obtained by those people who were victims of a crime, be it a misdemeanor or a felony.
In addition to highly developed federal administrative agencies that oversee less inferior law enforcement department, departmental organizational effectiveness must also be considered when determining overall health of the US CJ system. In order to efficiently deliver the public’s expectations of protection and safety, the development of the CJ system encompasses decision makers from all level of government including legislative body members. However, the effectiveness of the criminal justice organization is highly dependent on federal, state, and local departmental interactions. Organizational Effectiveness Criminal justice is defined as the system of constitutional practices and federally funded institutions dedicated at upholding social control, deterring and mitigating crime, and sanctioning those who violate laws with cr... ... middle of paper ... ...ch as rational choice; would also have some beneficial properties. Conclusion Although law enforcements department operate in different jurisdictions, their organizational effectiveness severely impacts that deliverable intentions of our constitutional values and the “promise of protection”.
It’s set up to manage the person and crime that was violated. They deal in managing of crimes the law enforcement agencies exists because they are structured and base on ideas, and concerns from the community. These agencies are the police, the courts, and corrections. These agencies are divided, because when the founding fathers did not one get more powerful than the other and should all be balance. The limits of government power, duties, and also rights of individuals which is the Constitutional Law.
The Neighborhood Watch programs keep a watchful eye for crimes committed in their neighborhood and report to the police, and the Guardian Angel chapters are endorsed and supported by local law enforcement agencies (Bajandas). Both groups work with the police staying within the boundaries of the law helping to reduce crime. There are many reasons that show how acts of vigilantism are dangerous and illegal. The country and states we live in have laws that have been put into place to protect the people and their freedoms. Without the laws put in place by government, there would be chaos and confusion.
Every officer needs to be supportive of the program or it is destined to fail. The role of police can vary, from promoting the development of community organizations and assembling the organizations in problem solving and community building activities. The role of police is traditional known for enforcing the laws, which aim to making good arrests and having a high success rate for prosecution of criminals, and are involved in other maintenance activities, such as maintaining social order and are active in the community. For example, officers can have conversations with citizens of the community and get their perspective of what is working and what needs help. The last thing that is on their agenda is issuing an arrest.