When discussing theories of crime, most turn to ideas of nature versus nurture. An important factor that is seemingly overlooked is that of previous victimisation, and how being a victim can correlate to an increased likelihood of offending in the future. Some victims of crimes vow to take their trauma and turn it into something positive and productive, while some may get stuck and find themselves in a vicious cycle of victimisation and perpetration. This phenomenon can commonly be seen in cases of violent crimes, where perpetration may be “habitual” or as a result of revenge-seeking attitudes. This essay will examine the relationship between victimisation and crime, citing violent crimes in particular.
Module seven gave me a better understanding on the impact of crime on victims and society. When crime is committed it affects everyone around whether is the crime victims, their families and friends, and communities. “A victims is a person that has suffered direct physical, emotional, or pecuniary harm as a result of the commission of a crime”. (2WEB). Violent crimes are different because crime victims have a more difficult rime coping than property crime victims.
The biggest factor in what Amir reported to be victim precipitation cases was the use of alcohol. I think that there is a difference between the term victim precipitation and victim blaming but it is easy to blur those lines. Victim precipitation is not necessarily blaming the victim for the crime they were a victim of but merely looking at how their actions influenced or provided the opportunity for the crime. In some crimes such as homicide this may be possibly used as a mitigation circumstance for the offender. For example: if someone is a victim of homicide because they attacked another and then were killed while the second party was defending themselves this would be a mitigating circumstance for the offender.
The different facets of crime make it one of the more fascinating aspects of our society. As long as there are people in the world, there will be crimes committed making the deciphering of the multiple perspectives so important. When dealing with crime, the law enforcement officers, victims, and criminals all approach the situation with different viewpoints and emotions. Law enforcement officers are trained to react to crime in an impersonal manner which makes them more apt to approach the situation from an unbiased standpoint and begin to solve the problem at hand with a calm demeanor. If a law enforcement officer becomes emotionally involved in every situation presented it is easy for the officer to get burnt out very quickly and become an ineffective peace officer.
Relocating crimes to places where the community impact is less harmful is just as important as well. In a way, law enforcement can almost manage displacement in order to make it advantageous to society. Crime displacement is commonly referred to as the unwanted problem that comes along with crime prevention and programs. There are various forms of displacement that are widely studied and analyzed, some more than others. Overall, crime displacement is the result of crime-control policies and the amount of opportunities left for offenders.
Although we see a suspect as a bad person, they are still human and have rights. Police officers have a set of rights called Maranda Rights. They read these rights aloud while arresting the accused suspect. For example, if a police officer does not follow the appropriate procedures, it is possible that he or she could lose their job or even get a fellow officer or the suspect injured, or worse, killed Procedures also must be followed to uphold the law. Many organizations, like schools and businesses, have an order of processes they follow.
Having someone to observe the crime help the police with their investigation on the crime. That is why bystanders are important to policing because it helps the police to identify suspects as well as to give a description of what happened when the crime was committed. The relationship between criminals and victims is very penetrating because having a relationship with criminals can lead to two ways. Either become a criminal as well, or help the criminal to stop committing crimes. The debate is intense and some may or may not agree with a relation between these two.
Criminal investigators show society that someone is trying to help them, and that someone is on their side when they have been victimized by a criminal. Victims also find closure when the perpetrator is identified and found guilty. If the case is not solved, ongoing suspicion, and lack of closure can ruin the lives of many people of many people. Thus, investigators must be familiar with crimes and their elements, modus operandi information, the major goals of investigation, and the basic functions of investigating officers. All of these factors help a detective solve cases efficiently and successfully.
And they cope with their strains and negative emotions through crime. Crime may be a way to reduce or escape from strains” (Agnew, 2006, p. 2-3). No matter what the strain may be in an individual’s life, it almost always suggests the individual has some incapacity that prevents them from actualizing their personal goals. While first-hand experiences are a great source to pull from, sometimes strains are not directly experienced by the offender. It is “important to consider the individual’s vicarious and anticipated experiences with strains as well” (Agnew, 2006, p. 10).
The aspects behind these theories make the most reliable sense as to why people commit the crimes that they do. Antisocial personality theory is a combination of traits, such as hyperactivity, impulsivity, hedonism, and inability to empathize with others, that make a person prone to deviant behavior and violence; also referred to as sociopathic or psychopathic. Many studies have been done and there is much evidence that people with an antisocial personality disorder are more likely to commit crime, when in frustrating events they act with negative emotions, feel stressed and harassed, and are adversarial in their interpersonal relationships. People with antisocial personality disorder tend to have weak personal constraints and have a hard time controlling impulsive behavior urges. There are many factors that people believe contribute to people developing a criminal personality.