Assemble a set of guidelines on conducting preliminary investigation for a criminal case. When there is a criminal case, are a set of guidelines a criminal investigator should follow when conducting a preliminary inquiry. These guidelines consist of arriving to a crime scene in a timely manner just in case the suspect may still be at or near the scene (Hess, K.M & Orthmann, C.H., 2013). They will need to take care of any injured person or people that may need emergency care. Check to see if there are any witness seen what had happen.
This evidence is send to forensic laboratories to be examined and provide the investigator with information that may help solve the case. Later on this information can be used in court, for this reason it is critical that the investigator gather the evidence properly and legally. Most police investigations begin at the scene of a crime with the first responders to the crime scene usually police officers, fire department personnel or the emergency medical personnel. Their actions of the first responders to the crime scene can help the investigation or can severely damage it. The first responder has to secure the area, assist any victim if any, arrest the suspects if any, detain all witnesses, protect the crime scene and provide information about all the movements or alteration made to the crime scene investigators or their supervisor.
At the time, a more detailed, extensive search will begin. Investigators have made their initial notations of the scene and created their hypothesis of the crime. The survey is an organizational stage to plan ... ... middle of paper ... ...ditional visits to the crime scene could cause a compromise if entered into evidence at trial. Works Cited Gaensslen, R. E., Harris, H A., & Lee, H. (2008). Introduction to Forensic Science and Criminalistics.
The purpose of crime scene investigation is to help establish what happened at the crime and to identify the responsible person or people. Carefully documenting the situation at a crime scene and recognizing all-important physical evidence do this. The ability to recognize and properly collect physical evidence is often times vital to bo... ... middle of paper ... ... keep tract and record everything in which they recover from a crime scene. Searching a crime scene is a long and thorough process, however, it will surrender many clues when done properly. Once the evidence is found, recorded and packaged, it must be sent to a crime lab for further processing.
Different crimes will be reported and handled in a different fashion, even among the different major crimes that are committed. No matter what type of crime an investigator is working on solving, they should all be knowledgeable, patient and persistent in doing their duties. Once an alleged perpetrator has been identified by the investigator, it is important to balance their rights against the rights of the community that is being served by the law enforcement agency. Following policy will help prevent problems and mistakes from occurring. References Cornwell, N. C. (2004).
Once the first officer arrives at the scene he needs to follow these steps if he didn’t catch the suspect red-handed. 1. The officer needs to make sure he can get as much information as he can from the witness if there is one at the scene. Information like, make and model of vehicle used in the crime, a description of the suspect, and what direction the suspect fled from the scene needs to be reported to the patrol force. 2.
When the call comes in that a crime has been committed, the police are dispatched to the crime scene. When the police arrive on scene, they need to take control by apprehending any suspects and looking for witnesses/victims. If the scene is not safe, the first responders must secure the area. If anyone is hurt, they should call for medical personnel as soon as possible. The first police officer on scene is usually in charge until a criminal investigator arrives on scene.
“The investigation of [a]crime encompasses the collection of information and evidence for identifying, apprehending, and convicting suspected offenders” (Osterburg). Many things may come to mind when an investigation is mentioned, such as TV shows of Law and Order, CSI and Criminal Minds. The realities of an investigation though differ from these TV shows immensely. In reality, there are certain responsibilities an investigator must go through to achieve the evidence needed to prosecute the offender and close the case successfully. It is important to understand that an investigation ultimately contributes the resolution of crimes, which also leads to the crucial process and effort in gathering evidence to accomplish the prosecution of the case.
Every item on the list should be accompanied by a receipt and chain of custody information. The risk to the investigating team is that once a scene has been released, the team may not be able to enter the scene again without going to court to obtain a warrant (Newman, 2007). Works Cited Byrd, M. (2000, March 2). Duty description for the crime scene investigator. Retrieved from http://www.crime-scene-investigator.net/dutydescription.html Newman, R.C.
The only evidence that should be collected at this point of the investigation is eyewitness accounts or statements that a suspect at the scene may have accidentally spontaneously spit out. After the scene is secured; immediate, appropriate, and a complete notification must be made to the homicide