1. Criminology Criminology is the science of studying how laws are made, the breaking of laws, and the social reaction to the breaking of laws. Criminologists research past criminal events to contribute to decrease the crime rates and develop a society that is less vulnerable to criminal acts. There are different theories that have emerged over the years that have helped criminologists to get to solid conclusions on the relation between crime and society. The study of criminology is important because it helps society understand what the crimes are, and how criminals who commit this crimes are punished.
There are many approaches to dealing with crime. There are preventive methods that seek to prevent a crime from happening. There is also a punitive method of preventing crime that work by making the penalty for committing a crime very high. It prevents people from committing a crime and offenders from repeating the crime. This research seeks to establish whether making the penalty stiff will work in repeating repeat and future offenders.
You can compare crime trends with previous years to see whether the crime rate has risen or fallen. This information is useful to criminologists because they can look at these trends and try to understand what significant changes in society have occurred to account for these changes in the crime rate. Crime rates help identify areas of concern so the proper actions can be taken to stop the crime (more police, stricter laws…). The UCR also helps provide the public with a vague idea of what is going on in their so... ... middle of paper ... ...he data is imperfect everywhere; since the error is consistent, the data is still useful. However, someone from a structuralist perspective would view the statistics as being a description of the distribution of power in society.
It is important to understand the determinants involved within a serial killer, because if these social and environmental causes are discovered, they can be altered and controlled to reduce crime (Lykken, 1993). With more studies, we would therefore prevent mass murders and could assist in significant reductions of crime within society. The nurturing of individuals plays a role in the making of killers, as 94% of serial killers had experienced some form of abuse as children and 42% have suffered severe physical abuse (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2010). A child abuse is a determining factor, in which supports the idea that serial killers and psychopath, are influenced significantly by nurture (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2011). In most cases social, cultural and physiological determinants all play a role in influencing serial killers to grow into a mass murderer.
Over time we will eventually see the National Incident Based Reporting System replace the Uniform Crime Report because the detailed accounts of criminal occurrences is more beneficial and descriptive to the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the rest of society. Works Cited Barkan, Steven E. Criminology: A Sociological Understanding. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education, 2012. Print. Lejin, Peter P. “Uniform Crime Reports.” Heinonline.
Through the study of psychology, specifically free will, determinism and social identity, we may find that situational crime prevention is a better means to deter crime in our nation. The debate over the proper course for effective crime control can be traced back to the famous treatise “On Crimes and Punishments” written by Cesare Beccaria in 1764. Beccaria’s work implies (rightly so) that potential law violators would be deterred if government agencies could swiftly detect, try and punish anyone who violates the criminal law. This exercise in disciplinary power is noted by Jokiranta; “In order to get hold of the hearts and minds of the members, the community has to get hold of their bodies” (Jokiranta, pg 10), and has been adopted by systems of criminal justice since their beginning with the London Metropolitan Police in 1829. Along with this approach came the stigma that criminals were predominantly born of poverty and misfortune.
The criminal justice system is the set of agencies and processes established by governments to control crime and impose penalties on those who violate laws. It has responsible for investigating the crimes that will allow them to bring justice, to improve the effectiveness of the rules and procedures, and to gain a sense of confidence in people of the country. The word “crime” means an illegal action that is prohibited by law or a breakage of certain laws set by the criminal justice system. Our society constantly read and hears about the phenomenal growth of crime and the increase of the crime problem. Our society may see the officers of the criminal justice making an arrest or patrolling the streets, but they do not realize that the criminal justice system has a government type structure, has goals, and is made up of three components, law enforcements, the court and corrections and all three works together to protect an individual’s rights and the rights of the society against crime.
Just the thought that they might be caught is a powerful deterrent for would-be criminals. There are several ways that police deter crime: visibility, warnings, tickets, fines, and arrests are a few of them. Police visibility is a great way to deter crime. A criminal would be less likely to commit a crime if they had seen a police officer in that area recently. Robert Apel’s paper, published in the Journal of Quantitative Criminology, stated that the visibility of the officers, sometimes called cops on the corner, projects a credible threat of detection and apprehension.
Some claim that some people have hidden or dormant characteristics that determine their reaction or behavior when confronted or put in particular negative conditions (Akers & Sellers, 2012). By understanding and studying these theories, together with applying them to people, psychologists and authorities can prevent criminals from committing or repeating crimes and aid in their rehabilitation. As many theories have emerged over time, they continue to be surveyed and explored, both individually and in combination in order for criminologists to develop solutions and eventually reduce the levels and types of crime. The most popular criminology theories emphasize on the individual, positivist and classical traits. This paper will explore the classical theory, which is among the earliest theories in criminology.
In fact, most of the information gathered by crime reporting agencies such as the National Crime Victimization Survey is obtained by those people who were victims of a crime, be it a misdemeanor or a felony. Unfortunately, some of these crimes may escalate in to more aggressive and violent offenses. Equally, research helps us become better learners in the academic world. Criminal justice and security management research impact public policy by setting standards regarding how the laws, money s... ... middle of paper ... ...differences in cooperation both from the aggressor and the victim leading to the conclusion that arrests could in fact reduce the number of spousal abuse cases at a national level." The research done by Sherman & Berk does stand as a challenging but positive experiment to provide a convincing force that domestic violence is a very serious and violent crime that not only affects the spouse but also the immediate family members such as children.