Crime Mapping aspects

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Throughout the decades, the crime rate has decreased immensely. Could you imagine living in the 1980s where drugs plagued the impoverished areas and homicides were at an all time high? Looking back at prior years, we can give thanks to the creation of Comp-Stat in that it helped to deter crime in areas where they occurred most. These areas with high crime rates are geographically known as “hot spots”. When discussing crime prevention, Comp-Stat has always been a helping hand especially with the use of their GIS program. “GIS” stands for Geographical Information Science, and uses the combination of different digital maps and data. The data can range from streets, police sectors to criminal offenses. Also, these maps are good for decision-making when it comes to hot spots.
In the early 1990s, John Maple created Comp-Stat in his office. He was mapping crimes and putting dots on a board where crime, such as robberies, occurred most. Comp-Stat is also known as “computer statistics” or “comparative statistics”. This particular management accountability program was put into practice to reduce crime. When William Bratton was appointed police commissioner, he executed the program under Mayor Giuliani. Every week there are Comp-Stat meetings at One Police Plaza, where the chiefs and commanders discuss the problematic areas in their jurisdiction. They are questioned as to what they are doing to fix these problems. Comp-Stat has been adopted all over the United States for its great crime reduction effectiveness. Some studies show that the Broken Windows Theory is compatible with Comp-Stat because it shows that many criminal behaviors such as gambling, loitering, prostitution and panhandling have become deterred.
When discussing any type of ...

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...haviors tend to end up acting as such. For example, if you move to an area that is drug infested, the residents of that area will then seem to do drug addict-like things such as steal, prostitute, and so forth. To my understanding, it seemed like the theory was a reaction to the characteristics that many of these labels are presumed to carry. If you label someone as a delinquent, this becomes instilled in his or her mind and they will then act as a delinquent. In order to change that, we must change the society and surroundings around them to better themselves. Crime mapping has its pros as well as its cons, but it’s done its job when it comes to reducing crime. It definitely is more convenient in that it cuts the time of having to manually placing dots on a board in half and makes it much easier to see where target areas are most reactive to criminal activities.
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