It is crucial for him to acknowledge this evil in order to protect himself and others fr... ... middle of paper ... ... to kill the old man both demonstrate an individual who takes on the challenge of eliminating evil in their situation. The two stories clearly demonstrate an individual who acknowledges the evil in their lives and challenges themselves to banish it. If one does not eliminate the evil after becoming conscious of it, they and others will consistently live under danger and vulnerability. Society will be moulded into a place of inequality and prejudice. This is the world we live in today, because unlike the murderer, many people do not take responsibility for their own evil actions and unlike the barber, people often choose not to benefit society by eliminating evil that is not associated with themselves.
It is this firm conviction in his logic and his theory that prompts him to commit the murder for the 'common good of the society'. It is also the same conviction that sets him apart from society since he considers himself to be superior or "extra-ordinary" like 'Napoleon or Mahomet' comapred to the "ordinary" people. Commenting on the relation between the ordinary and the extra-ordinary and thereby explaining the reason for his own alienation, he remarks that the common people, "even despise [them], as reactionary and incapable of elevated thinking" (222). Therefore, according to Raskolnikov, the ordinary people fail to succumb to the superiority of these "extra-ordinary" men since they do not even recognize the capabilities... ... middle of paper ... ...he murder to save humanity. As Porfiry had foreshadowed, the psychological ramifications of a crime subject one to more torture than physical imprisonment.
Dostoevsky’s Crime and Punishment incorporates the significance of murder into the novel through a multitude of levels. The act of killing is not only used to further the plot point of the novel, but also offers insight to the reader of Raskolnikov’s ideology and psyche. This is portrayed through both his initial logic and reasoning behind the plotting of the crime, as well as through his immediate and long term reactions after killing Alyona Ivanovna. The emotional and physical responses instilled in Raskolnikov after killing Alyona Ivanovna as well as his justification for doing so helps illustrate his utilitarianism by offering accurate insight into the character’s moral values. These reactions also serve to show the instability of Raskolnikov’s character due to his changing emotions from being completely justified as the ubermensch to showing a sense of great regret.
he thought suddenly, 'it will get more dirt rubbed into it and all the stains will disappear.' But no sooner had he put it on than he dragged it off with horror and loathing. Porfiry is a master of the psychological forces which he knows will run Raskolnikov down slowly and steadily. He trusts in the fact that laws aren't just handed down to us but that they mark out human nature and must be followed. He seems to be the mas... ... middle of paper ... ...s not just an existential battle ground for individual desires and interests to fight themselves out without any real underlying moral structure but that there is hope for a social, moral fiber and a belief in eternal things.
The tragic conflict of the play consists in the extremist attitude Creon and Antigone hold towards the state law and the family honor. The fundamentalist ideas of the state ... ... middle of paper ... ...o realize hypocrisy and cruelty of the reactionary force and puerility and weakness of the progressive force1And therefore he advises humankind to keep the clear - headed mind , to try to overcome their own weakness , to endeavor to struggle against the reactionary class and the reactive force within their own class , and to strive for their happy life. So this great piece owns historical and realistic significance. Additionally, both of the heroes make duty their first priority. They do so to the exclusion of all else.
Montresor assumes the reader will understand his injury, and becomes not only the judge but the jury and executioner of Fortunato as well. The wounded pride of a man driving him to assault even a friend is not a new device developed by Edgar Allen Poe, but the little to no explanation given the reader by his central narrator is a little different. In the famous Burr and ... ... middle of paper ... ...on to follow Montresor’s thinking we are as betrayed in our understanding as Fortunato seems to be. Even at the end he wonders if it is all some cruel joke. We see it as cruel, but we know it is not a joke.
Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment is the story of a poor man in czarist Russia who can only purge himself of his guilt through suffering. It deals with the mental and physical tribulation brought upon him by his crime. His troubles are compounded by the conflicting personalities which he possesses. The reader is inclined to characterize him by his cold, intellectual side. Yet, without the contrasting humane side of his nature, Raskolnikov never realizes the errors in his theory and actions.
His personal pessimism might be making his view of the world pessimistic. Nietzsche was mostly concerned with the outer person, where Freud was most concerned with the inner person. Freud is more interested in examining one’s past, analyzing the disturbed psyche, to find the reasons that drive one to act a certain way, and talk through the memories to make life easier so that the person no longer feels overwhelmed by their terrible experience. Moral imperatives are stricken by pain, pleasure, success and failure. The greatest impact on morality does not even come from the mind of the person making decisions, but from society.
Although he believed his choices were immoral or unethical, we now know that it was quite the opposite, as the moral standards of this time were in essence the unethical choices and Huck's were the proper choices. Huck could see the importance of friendship over possessions, and risked his life saving a run-away slave because of the uncomfortable emptiness he would experience had he turned in Jim. This portrayal of childhood knowledge can be examined in today's society also. People grow to be prejudiced against certain types of people, just as Huck was as he was growing up. Luckily, Huck overcame this inborn prejudice by examining what really counts in life, and this is a lesson that everyone, from previous societies to today, needs to listen to.
The first thing to address while discussing the author’s purpose is to examine the motivation of the main character, Raskolnikov. In Crime and Punishment, Raskolnikov becomes an ubermensch, and part of this is that he does not take into account society’s moral values and in turn attempts to use utilitarianism to justify his actions. He thinks that the pawnbroker he plans to kill is harming society, so he thinks he is actually morally obligated to kill her and improve the lives of others in society. He is able to justify his actions, even to the point when he though “what he planned to do was ‘not a crime’” (69). Although the pawnbroker might not have actually been in the wrong, Raskolnikov at the time thought he was performing a service to society.